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Your search for diabetes returned 1666 results

Your search for diabetes returned 1666 results

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Diabetic dermopathy (Pigmented pretibial patches of diabetes mellitus)

Are You Confident of the Diagnosis? What you should be alert for in the history Characteristic findings on physical examination Diabetic dermopathy presents as brown or pink well-demarcated macules or flat-topped papules on the bilateral pretibial areas of patients with diabetes mellitus. Typically, the lesions are round or oval and are less than 1cm in…
Endocrinology Metabolism

Diabetes Insipidus

Are You Sure the Patient Has Diabetes Insipidus? Diabetes insipidus (DI) is defined as an uncontrolled solute-free water diuresis (which is also called “aquaresis”) due to an inability to maximally concentrate the urine. The clinical hallmark of DI is the excretion of a large volume of hypotonic, insipid (tasteless) urine, usually manifested by polyuria (increased…
Critical Care Medicine

Diabetic ketoacidosis

1. Description of the problem Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is a serious and potentially life-threatening complication of diabetes mellitus, usually type 1 insulin-dependent diabetes. It can occasionally be seen in patients with type 2 diabetes in the presence of stress, trauma or infection. It is characterized by hyperglycemia, elevated blood ketones with metabolic acidosis and dehydration…

Diabetic Ulcers

Preliminary Diagnosis: Diabetic Ulcers I. What imaging technique is first-line for this diagnosis? After initial radiograph, magnetic resonance imaging is the imaging technique of choice. II. Describe the advantages and disadvantages of this technique for diagnosing diabetic ulcers. Advantages MRI can rule out complications of diabetic ulcers, such as osteomyelitis, fluid collections, abscesses, and sinus…
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