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Your search for anesthesiology returned 450 results

Your search for anesthesiology returned 450 results

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Hospital Infection Control

Surgical site infections

Surgical site infections What is the impact of surgical site infections? Approximately 27 million surgical procedures are performed in the United States each year, with up to 5% resulting in surgical site infections (SSI). Trends in the incidence of SSI are monitored by the National Nosocomial Infections Surveillance (NNIS) system of the Centers for Disease…
Critical Care Medicine

Difficulty weaning from mechanical ventilation; Failure to wean, respiratory failure, ventilator dependence

1. Description of the problem What every clinician needs to know Invasive mechanical ventilation for acute respiratory failure provides life-saving supportive care. It is also associated with numerous complications that prolong the duration of time spent on the ventilator and increases mortality. Thus, liberating the patient from the ventilator and removing the endotracheal tube (extubation)…
Critical Care Medicine

Volume overload

Volume Overload Also known as Fluid overload Fluid accumulation Edema Pulmonary edema Organ edema Extravascular edema Tissue edema Related conditions Severe sepsis/septic shock Large-volume resuscitation Massive transfusion Cardiogenic shock Congestive heart failure Acute kidney injury Chronic kidney disease Nephrotic syndrome Cirrhosis Portal hypertension Hypoalbuminemia Acute pancreatitis Protein-losing enteropathy Major trauma Burn injury 1. Description of…
Hospital Medicine

Pre-eclampsia, Eclampsia and Pregnancy-Induced Hypertension

I. What Every Physician Needs to Know. Pre-eclampsia is a syndrome of unknown etiology complicating human pregnancy. It is characterized by the new onset of hypertension and proteinuria after 20 weeks gestation and may involve multiple organ systems. While severe pre-eclampsia and eclampsia are uncommon, they can be catastrophic and are one of the leading…
Critical Care Medicine

Management of Blood Glucose in ICU

Blood glucose management Synonyms Glycemic control, hyperglycemia, hypoglycemia, intensive insulin therapy, conventional insulin therapy Related conditions Insulin therapy, blood glucose measurement, enteral and parenteral nutrition, hepatic failure, endocrine disorders, insulinoma 1. Description of the problem What every clinician needs to know Hyperglycemia (defined as blood glucose concentration [BG] >110mg/dL, [>6.1 mmol/L]) occurs in more than…
Hematology

Thrombocytopenia in pregnancy

Thrombocytopenia in pregnancy What every physician needs to know: Thrombocytopenia can be seen in 5 to 10% of all pregnancies. There is an expected physiologic drop in the platelet count during pregnancy so that a platelet count below the lower limit of normal is usually not concerning until the platelet count reaches 100,000 to 115,00/ul.…
Cardiology

Treatment of Acute Heart Failure

I. Acute Heart Failure: What every physician needs to know. Acute heart failure (AHF), also known as acute decompensated heart failure or cardiac failure, is not a single disease entity, but rather a syndrome of the worsening of signs and symptoms reflecting an inability of the heart to pump blood at a rate commensurate to…
Cardiology

Evaluation and Treatment of AV Block and Intraventricular Conduction Disturbances

I. AV Block and Intraventricular Conduction Disturbances. What every physician needs to know. AV block, or atrioventricular block, is a major cause of significant bradyarrhythmias. To diagnose and manage AV block, it is important to have a basic understanding of the anatomy of the conduction system of the heart. The AV node lies at the…
Rheumatology

Back pain

Does this patient have back pain? Low back pain is among the most common ailments people will encounter in their lifetime, leading to the second most likely cause for doctors visits after the common cold. It has been calculated that up to 80% of the population will complain of low back pain at some point…
Pediatrics

Overdose – Drugs of Abuse

OVERVIEW: What every practitioner needs to know Are you sure your patient has overdosed? What are the typical findings for this condition? Stimulants Stimulants are a class of compounds that accelerate neuronal and/or physical activity. These include a number of both prescription and recreational drugs such as cocaine, amphetamines, anticholinergics, and sympathomimetics. In general, they…
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