Pediatric Pain

Intravenous Acetaminophen May Reduce Hospital Length of Stay in Adolescents Undergoing Posterior Spinal Fusion

Intravenous Acetaminophen May Reduce Hospital Length of Stay in Adolescents Undergoing Posterior Spinal Fusion

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Postoperative management of adolescents undergoing posterior spinal fusion surgery with intravenous acetaminophen may have an opioid-sparing effect, due to a reduced hospital length of stay.

ACTTION Consensus Provides Best Practices for the Design of Pediatric Clinical Trials Focused on Acute Pain

ACTTION Consensus Provides Best Practices for the Design of Pediatric Clinical Trials Focused on Acute Pain

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Key factors susceptible to improve the design of clinical trials on analgesics for acute pain in pediatric populations were reviewed and recommendations published.

Postoperative Pain Management in Children With Developmental Delay

Postoperative Pain Management in Children With Developmental Delay

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Parent- and nurse-controlled analgesia may not reduce postoperative pain in children with developmental delay compared with opioids administered by a nurse as needed.

Occipital Nerve Block, an Effective Option for Pediatric Headache

Occipital Nerve Block, an Effective Option for Pediatric Headache

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Peripheral nerve blocks for pediatric headache treatment are associated with significant benefit and minimal risk.

Pain Catastrophizing May Mediate Child Pain Associated With Parent, Child PTSD

Pain Catastrophizing May Mediate Child Pain Associated With Parent, Child PTSD

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Catastrophic thinking about pain in children may mediate the relationship between chronic pain and posttraumatic stress disorder in both children and parents.

Factors Contributing to Persistent Pain After Rehabilitation in Pediatric Patients

Factors Contributing to Persistent Pain After Rehabilitation in Pediatric Patients

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Anxiety and reduced readiness to change are key factors related to nonresponsiveness to intensive pain rehabilitation in pediatric patients.

Verbal Numerical Rating Scale: A Reliable Pediatric Pain Assessment Tool

Verbal Numerical Rating Scale: A Reliable Pediatric Pain Assessment Tool

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The Verbal Numerical Rating Scale represents a useful clinical tool for the assessment of pain intensity in pediatric patients with painful and non-painful medical conditions.

Postoperative Pain Management in Children: Evidence on Efficacy

Postoperative Pain Management in Children: Evidence on Efficacy

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Fewer randomized controlled trials include children vs adult cohorts, and the evidence pertaining to this population.

Midazolam Plus Morphine: Continuous vs Intermittent Infusions for Pediatric Postsurgical Pain

Midazolam Plus Morphine: Continuous vs Intermittent Infusions for Pediatric Postsurgical Pain

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Continuous infusions of midazolam plus morphine do not provide additional pain relief compared with intermittent dosing of those drugs, and may increase hospital length of stay among pediatric patients who have undergone cardiac surgery.

Neurostimulation Alleviates Abdominal Pain in Children

Neurostimulation Alleviates Abdominal Pain in Children

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Neurostimulation through percutaneous electrical nerve field stimulation was shown to durably reduce pain in children.

Antidepressants for Chronic Pediatric Pain?

Antidepressants for Chronic Pediatric Pain?

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No conclusive evidence was found supporting the efficacy of antidepressants in the pediatric population.

Sleep Quality Linked With Postoperative Pain Intensity In Children

Sleep Quality Linked With Postoperative Pain Intensity In Children

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An association was found between sleep quality and next-day pain intensity in children undergoing major surgery.

Lidocaine, Not Sucrose, Relieved Some Pain in Infant Vaccination

Lidocaine, Not Sucrose, Relieved Some Pain in Infant Vaccination

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In a comparative study, topical liposomal lidocaine proved most effective for analgesia during infant vaccination.

Future Neonatal Pain Studies Need More Ethical Controls

Future Neonatal Pain Studies Need More Ethical Controls

Meta-analysis shows reduction in pain and crying time for neonates, but most trials still include a placebo/no-tx arm.

Several Factors Impact Parent Management of Child Postoperative Pain

Several Factors Impact Parent Management of Child Postoperative Pain

Parents' experiences impacted by need to balance pros and cons of administering medicines.

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