Pediatric Pain Management
Probiotics may alleviate pain in the short-term in children with recurrent abdominal pain.
An estimated 20% of children have chronic postsurgical pain 12 months after surgery; several presurgical factors predict CPSP in these patients.
The transition process can be challenging for patients and families and can require a great deal of pre-planning by providers.
Headaches may more commonly be associated with stroke in children younger than 18 years than in adults.
Novel psychosocial therapies such as cognitive behavioral therapy that have been effective in adults with fibromyalgia need additional neuromuscular fitness training to overcome catastrophizing and fear of exercise in adolescents.
Cognitive behavioral therapy is an effective nonpharmacologic treatment that should be considered as a first-line therapy for pediatric migraine.
New research suggests that reducing length of treatment and hospitalization in infants diagnosed with drug withdrawal symptoms at birth can be made possible by standardizing hospital care policies across institutions.
The prevalence of neck pain has been reported to be increasing among adolescents, but how this pain might affect head posture and endurance of the neck muscles in this age group has received little attention.
There was also a significant difference in hospital costs between the discharged and admitted patients, with an average increase in $4291.50 for admitted patients.
The pregnant patient with rheumatoid arthritis may need to have pain medication changed due to potential effects on the fetus.
Risk of developing sedation/anesthesia adverse events continues up to age 23 years.
Children and teens with chronic headache pain and suspected of having an underlying psychiatric disorder should be screened for anxiety and depression.
Preschool children may be confused by scales designed for older children, and their responses may be idiosyncratic and hard to interpret.
In babies born in withdrawal from drugs their mothers have taken, buprenorphine may be more effective than methadone at reducing duration of treatment and length of hospital stay.
Researchers examined a variety of clinical, laboratory, and CT findings to see if they were predictive of death, and identified 9 factors statistically associated with mortality.
The extremes of age provide special challenges to treating chronic pain.
Survey suggests need for improvements in clinical practice, training, and communication on this topic.
AAP provides guidance relating to care team, resources committed to patient care, and pediatric-specific techniques.
While overall risk remained low, children with neuromuscular disorders were 3 times more likely to suffer from cardiac arrest during spine surgeries.
As marijuana use becomes more prevalent, some are concerned about how parents' marijuana use affects their children.
Taking time to consider a patient's pain may help those in charge of care empathize more and alter pain management decisions.
Serious eye injuries, organ damage can occur, researchers warn.
Apnea in the early postoperative period was reduced in infants undergoing inguinal herniorrhaphy who received regional anesthesia compared with general anesthesia.
Surgery could be used for teens whose migraines have not responded to other treatments.
Recommendation notes evidence has shown it can affect infant brain development.
Fires and even explosions have been linked to this practice, experts say.
The agency approved Zomig (zolmitriptan) Nasal Spray for use in pediatric patients aged at least 12 years.
Return to running, noncontact/contact sports, and collision sports by three, six, 12 months, respectively.
Infants that receive regional anesthesia vs. general anesthesia for surgery may have better recovery, data from two studies have shown.
The therapy is approved for children 12 years and older with migraine with or without aura.
Clinical Pain Advisor Articles
- Reviewing the Efficacy, Safety, and Tolerability of Cannabis-Based Medicines for Chronic Neuropathic Pain
- Femoral Nerve Block Alone or in Combination With Sciatic Nerve Block for TKA: A Meta-Analysis
- Tackling the Chronic Pain and Opioid Use Disorder Crises Through Public-Private Partnerships
- How the City of San Francisco Is Tackling the Intertwined HIV/HCV and Opioid Epidemics
- Pain Tolerance in Buprenorphine Maintenance Treatment
- Radiofrequency Ablation for Chronic Hip Pain: Reviewing the Evidence
- Opioid Use Disorder Treatment: Evidence-Based Guideline
- Betel Quid Addiction and Implications for Substance Use Disorder
- Low Back Pain: Contributing Factors, Prophylactic Strategies, and Effective Treatments
- Peripherally Acting Opioid and Cannabinoid May Be Effective for Neuropathic Pain
- Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation May Prevent Migraine in Adolescents
- Widespread Impact of Reducing Opioids, Adding IV Acetaminophen for Postsurgical Pain Management
- GI Safety Compared for NSAIDs in Patients With Arthritis
- Opioid Prescribing Trends in Patients With, Without Cancer
- DOJ Rescinds Protections Afforded by Americans With Disabilities Act