Pediatric Pain Management

The Relationship Between Sleep, Chronic Pain, and Mood Disorders in Children

The Relationship Between Sleep, Chronic Pain, and Mood Disorders in Children

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The presence of sleep disorders in children with chronic pain may result in greater pain levels and pain interference, a relationship that may in part be mediated by anxiety and depressive symptoms.

Probiotics May Improve Symptoms of Recurrent Abdominal Pain in Children

Probiotics May Improve Symptoms of Recurrent Abdominal Pain in Children

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Probiotics may alleviate pain in the short-term in children with recurrent abdominal pain.

Pediatric Chronic Postsurgical Pain Prevalence, Risk Factors

Pediatric Chronic Postsurgical Pain Prevalence, Risk Factors

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An estimated 20% of children have chronic postsurgical pain 12 months after surgery; several presurgical factors predict CPSP in these patients.

Q&A: Transitioning Pediatric Patients to Adult Care

Q&A: Transitioning Pediatric Patients to Adult Care

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The transition process can be challenging for patients and families and can require a great deal of pre-planning by providers.

Headache Prevalence in Pediatric Ischemic Stroke

Headache Prevalence in Pediatric Ischemic Stroke

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Headaches may more commonly be associated with stroke in children younger than 18 years than in adults.

Juvenile Fibromyalgia Pain Treatment Enhanced By Psychosocial Impact Therapies

Juvenile Fibromyalgia Pain Treatment Enhanced By Psychosocial Impact Therapies

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Novel psychosocial therapies such as cognitive behavioral therapy that have been effective in adults with fibromyalgia need additional neuromuscular fitness training to overcome catastrophizing and fear of exercise in adolescents.

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy as First-Line Therapy for Pediatric Migraine

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy as First-Line Therapy for Pediatric Migraine

Cognitive behavioral therapy is an effective nonpharmacologic treatment that should be considered as a first-line therapy for pediatric migraine.

Improving Outcomes for Infants Born With Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome

Improving Outcomes for Infants Born With Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome

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New research suggests that reducing length of treatment and hospitalization in infants diagnosed with drug withdrawal symptoms at birth can be made possible by standardizing hospital care policies across institutions.

Neck Pain Alters Posture, Neck Muscle Endurance in Adolescents

Neck Pain Alters Posture, Neck Muscle Endurance in Adolescents

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The prevalence of neck pain has been reported to be increasing among adolescents, but how this pain might affect head posture and endurance of the neck muscles in this age group has received little attention.

Pediatric Isolated Skull Fractures May Not Require Overnight Hospitalization

Pediatric Isolated Skull Fractures May Not Require Overnight Hospitalization

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There was also a significant difference in hospital costs between the discharged and admitted patients, with an average increase in $4291.50 for admitted patients.

Pain Pharmacotherapy Changes For RA During Pregnancy

Pain Pharmacotherapy Changes For RA During Pregnancy

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The pregnant patient with rheumatoid arthritis may need to have pain medication changed due to potential effects on the fetus.

Preterm Children Have Lasting Risk for Anesthesia Adverse Events

Preterm Children Have Lasting Risk for Anesthesia Adverse Events

Risk of developing sedation/anesthesia adverse events continues up to age 23 years.

Psychiatric Comorbidities Common in Children With Chronic Headache

Psychiatric Comorbidities Common in Children With Chronic Headache

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Children and teens with chronic headache pain and suspected of having an underlying psychiatric disorder should be screened for anxiety and depression.

Preschoolers' Cognitive Limitations Affect Ability to Rate Pain

Preschoolers' Cognitive Limitations Affect Ability to Rate Pain

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Preschool children may be confused by scales designed for older children, and their responses may be idiosyncratic and hard to interpret.

Buprenorphine Superior to Methadone in Treating Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome, Study Shows

Buprenorphine Superior to Methadone in Treating Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome, Study Shows

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In babies born in withdrawal from drugs their mothers have taken, buprenorphine may be more effective than methadone at reducing duration of treatment and length of hospital stay.

Predictive Survival Factors in Pediatric Intracranial Gunshot Wounds

Predictive Survival Factors in Pediatric Intracranial Gunshot Wounds

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Researchers examined a variety of clinical, laboratory, and CT findings to see if they were predictive of death, and identified 9 factors statistically associated with mortality.

Treating Chronic Pain in Kids and the Elderly: A Multimodal Approach is Best

Treating Chronic Pain in Kids and the Elderly: A Multimodal Approach is Best

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The extremes of age provide special challenges to treating chronic pain.

Does Neurotoxicity of Anesthesia in Children Need to Be Addressed?

Does Neurotoxicity of Anesthesia in Children Need to Be Addressed?

Survey suggests need for improvements in clinical practice, training, and communication on this topic.

AAP Guidelines for Pediatric Peri-Op Anesthesia

AAP Guidelines for Pediatric Peri-Op Anesthesia

AAP provides guidance relating to care team, resources committed to patient care, and pediatric-specific techniques.

Neuromuscular Disorders May Increase Risk Of Cardiac Arrest During Pediatric Spine Surgery

Neuromuscular Disorders May Increase Risk Of Cardiac Arrest During Pediatric Spine Surgery

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While overall risk remained low, children with neuromuscular disorders were 3 times more likely to suffer from cardiac arrest during spine surgeries.

Marijuana Use and Child Physical Abuse: Is There an Association?

Marijuana Use and Child Physical Abuse: Is There an Association?

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As marijuana use becomes more prevalent, some are concerned about how parents' marijuana use affects their children.

Aligning Pain Management Ratings: Connecting With Your Patient

Aligning Pain Management Ratings: Connecting With Your Patient

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Taking time to consider a patient's pain may help those in charge of care empathize more and alter pain management decisions.

Paintball, BB Guns Can Severely Injure Children, Study Shows

Paintball, BB Guns Can Severely Injure Children, Study Shows

Serious eye injuries, organ damage can occur, researchers warn.

Regional Anesthesia Offers Slight Advantage Over General In Avoiding Sleep Apnea In Infants

Regional Anesthesia Offers Slight Advantage Over General In Avoiding Sleep Apnea In Infants

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Apnea in the early postoperative period was reduced in infants undergoing inguinal herniorrhaphy who received regional anesthesia compared with general anesthesia.

Surgery May Help Adolescents With Chronic Migraines, Study Shows

Surgery May Help Adolescents With Chronic Migraines, Study Shows

Surgery could be used for teens whose migraines have not responded to other treatments.

Doctors Urged To Caution Patients About Prenatal Marijuana Use

Doctors Urged To Caution Patients About Prenatal Marijuana Use

Recommendation notes evidence has shown it can affect infant brain development.

Marijuana 'Dabbing' Method Becoming More Popular

Marijuana 'Dabbing' Method Becoming More Popular

Fires and even explosions have been linked to this practice, experts say.

FDA Approves Zomig Nasal Spray for Migraine for Ages 12 and Up

FDA Approves Zomig Nasal Spray for Migraine for Ages 12 and Up

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The agency approved Zomig (zolmitriptan) Nasal Spray for use in pediatric patients aged at least 12 years.

Three Months After Scoliosis Surgery, A Return to Sports

Three Months After Scoliosis Surgery, A Return to Sports

Return to running, noncontact/contact sports, and collision sports by three, six, 12 months, respectively.

Regional Anesthesia Linked With Better Recovery In Infants

Regional Anesthesia Linked With Better Recovery In Infants

Infants that receive regional anesthesia vs. general anesthesia for surgery may have better recovery, data from two studies have shown.

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