Pediatric Pain Management

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Parents' Preferences Strongly Influence Opioid Pain Management in Children

Parents' Preferences Strongly Influence Opioid Pain Management in Children

One study, published in the International Journal of Nursing Studies in 2015, found that parental preferences strongly influence decision-making when balancing pain relief against side effects for children on opioid therapy for postoperative pain.

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Long Wait Times Between Referral and Interdisciplinary Pediatric Chronic Pain Evaluation

Long Wait Times Between Referral and Interdisciplinary Pediatric Chronic Pain Evaluation

For adolescents with chronic pain, wait times to evaluation at an interdisciplinary pain clinic after referral were long and were associated with anxious anticipation and frustration from families.

Efficacy of Psychological Therapies on Pediatric Chronic Pain: Updated Cochrane Review

Efficacy of Psychological Therapies on Pediatric Chronic Pain: Updated Cochrane Review

Psychological therapies may be effective in improving pain and disability in children and adolescents with chronic pain, including headache and mixed chronic pain conditions, although some of these effects did not persist at follow-up.

Postnatal Education Increases Pain Relief Use at Vaccinations

Postnatal Education Increases Pain Relief Use at Vaccinations

In-hospital postnatal education about infant pain management at vaccinations leads to more frequent use of pain relief interventions.

Recommendations for the Use of Pain Self-Reporting Measures in Pediatric Populations

Recommendations for the Use of Pain Self-Reporting Measures in Pediatric Populations

Evidence supporting the use of the 11-point numeric rating scale, the Faces Pain Scale Revise, and the Color Analogue Scale for the self-assessment of acute pain in children aged 3 to 18 is strong.

Anesthesia Before Age 3 Not Linked to Intelligence Deficits

Anesthesia Before Age 3 Not Linked to Intelligence Deficits

Multiple exposures to anesthesia before the age of 3 years may have neuropsychological impacts, though intelligence does not appear to be affected.

The Relationship Between Sleep, Chronic Pain, and Mood Disorders in Children

The Relationship Between Sleep, Chronic Pain, and Mood Disorders in Children

The presence of sleep disorders in children with chronic pain may result in greater pain levels and pain interference, a relationship that may in part be mediated by anxiety and depressive symptoms.

Multiple Pain Sites May Increase Risk for Poor Physical Function in Children

Multiple Pain Sites May Increase Risk for Poor Physical Function in Children

Youths between the ages of 8 and 17 who suffer from multiple pain sites may be at risk for poorer emotional, physical, and educational functioning compared with youths who experience pain at a single site.

Lidocaine Gel May Not Improve Pediatric Procedural Pain

Lidocaine Gel May Not Improve Pediatric Procedural Pain

Lidocaine gel may not provide substantial advantage over nonanesthetic gel for reducing pain associated with transurethral bladder catheterization in children aged <4 years.

Using the Modified Behavioral Pain Scale to Assess Pediatric Procedural Pain

Using the Modified Behavioral Pain Scale to Assess Pediatric Procedural Pain

The Modified Behavioral Pain Scale may represent a reliable tool for assessing procedural pain but may not allow to discriminate between pain- and non-pain-related distress in infants and young children.

ACTTION Consensus Provides Best Practices for the Design of Pediatric Clinical Trials Focused on Acute Pain

ACTTION Consensus Provides Best Practices for the Design of Pediatric Clinical Trials Focused on Acute Pain

Key factors susceptible to improve the design of clinical trials on analgesics for acute pain in pediatric populations were reviewed and recommendations published.