Pain

Observational Tools May Lack Sensitivity for Evaluating Pain Intensity in Advanced Dementia

Observational Tools May Lack Sensitivity for Evaluating Pain Intensity in Advanced Dementia

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The Pain Assessment in Advanced Dementia German version does not show significant differences in pain reduction in patients with advanced dementia treated with oxycodone vs placebo.

Daily Alcohol Use May Drive Chronic Pain in Adults With HIV

Daily Alcohol Use May Drive Chronic Pain in Adults With HIV

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Daily alcohol use was found to have a reciprocal relationship with greater daily pain in older adults with HIV.

Encouraging Emotional Awareness, Expression of Life Stress in Women With Chronic Urogenital Pain

Encouraging Emotional Awareness, Expression of Life Stress in Women With Chronic Urogenital Pain

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Researchers developed a 4-phase life stress interview to determine whether women with chronic urogenital pain could derive benefits from disclosing stressors and gaining awareness of links between stress, emotions, and symptoms.

Children With TMD-Related Pain More Prone to Psychosocial Issues

Children With TMD-Related Pain More Prone to Psychosocial Issues

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Children and adolescents with temporomandibular disorders may experience emotional, somatic, and aggressive behavior more frequently than their healthy counterparts.

Clinical Comorbidities Increased After Arthroscopic Hip Surgery

Clinical Comorbidities Increased After Arthroscopic Hip Surgery

Following elective arthroscopic hip surgery, the rate of seven major clinical comorbidities increases significantly.

Back Pain Frequency, Mental Health, and Substance Use in Adolescents

Back Pain Frequency, Mental Health, and Substance Use in Adolescents

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Adolescents who experience more frequent back pain may be more likely to smoke and drink alcohol and report feelings of anxiety and depression.

Seven-Item Pain Intensity Measure Reliable in Individuals With Dementia

Seven-Item Pain Intensity Measure Reliable in Individuals With Dementia

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A 7-item pain intensity measure for persons with dementia has shown initial validity and reliability

Antidepressant Effects of Ketamine Appear to Require Opioid System Activation

Antidepressant Effects of Ketamine Appear to Require Opioid System Activation

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Researchers conducted a double-blind crossover study in adults with treatment-resistant depression to determine the involvement of the opioid system in ketamine's antidepressant effects.

Pain Severity May Partly Mediate the Association Between Depression and Physical Performance in Knee OA

Pain Severity May Partly Mediate the Association Between Depression and Physical Performance in Knee OA

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Pain may partly mediate the observed association between physical performance and depressive symptoms in patients with radiographic knee osteoarthritis.

Implementation of Psychological Screening Program in Children With Abdominal Pain Successful

Implementation of Psychological Screening Program in Children With Abdominal Pain Successful

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Implementation of systematic screening for anxiety, disability and pain in children aged 8 to 18 years presenting with abdominal pain at a gastroenterology division of a large medical center resulted in an increase in screening rates and psychological referrals.

Call to Better Investigate the Associations Between Sleep Disturbances and Chronic Pain

Call to Better Investigate the Associations Between Sleep Disturbances and Chronic Pain

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Although literature indicates bidirectional associations between sleep disturbances and pain, few longitudinal studies have examined the role of sleep disturbances in contributing to chronic pain.

Factors Underlying High Pain Tolerance in Ultra-Marathon Runners

Factors Underlying High Pain Tolerance in Ultra-Marathon Runners

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Ultra-marathon runners may have lower levels of pain-related anxiety and reduced pain-related escape and avoidance behaviors compared with the general population, which may partially underlie their supranormal pain tolerance.

Postpartum Pain Management Recommendations From the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists

Postpartum Pain Management Recommendations From the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists

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A committee from the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists formulated several recommendations for safely managing pain and fatigue in women during the early postpartum period.

Rifaximin May Improve Abdominal Pain Symptoms in IBS-D

Rifaximin May Improve Abdominal Pain Symptoms in IBS-D

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A 2-week course of treatment with rifaximin for diarrhea-predominant irritable bowel syndrome was found to improve abdominal pain symptoms.

Are Anticonvulsants Effective for Low Back Pain?

Are Anticonvulsants Effective for Low Back Pain?

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For this review, the authors searched 5 large databases for studies that compared the use of anticonvulsants (i.e., topiramate, gabapentin, pregabalin) in adult patients with LBP, sciatica, or neurogenic claudication with placebo.

Various Factors Affect Progress in Back-Related Leg Pain, Sciatica

Various Factors Affect Progress in Back-Related Leg Pain, Sciatica

Belief in a long recovery, many symptoms attributed to pain negatively tied to improvement/

Case Study: Sudden Abdominal Pain

Case Study: Sudden Abdominal Pain

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A 90-year-old woman with a history of coronary disease and gallstones presents to the emergency department with generalized abdominal pain that started suddenly about 7 hours prior.

Pain Neuroscience Education May Improve Kinesiophobia in Chronic Spinal Pain

Pain Neuroscience Education May Improve Kinesiophobia in Chronic Spinal Pain

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Pain neuroscience education in patients with chronic spinal pain may improve kinesiophobia and the perceived negative consequences and cyclicity of illness.

Nonprescription Drug Use Associated With Potentially Traumatic Events

Nonprescription Drug Use Associated With Potentially Traumatic Events

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The nonmedical use of prescription drugs may be more consistently associated with discrete, potentially traumatic events and social-environmental stressors compared with long-lasting stressors related to family functioning during childhood and youth.

Addressing Depression in Myalgic Encephalomyelitis/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Addressing Depression in Myalgic Encephalomyelitis/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

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Clinicians address issues relating to treating patients with comorbid chronic fatigue syndrome and mood disorders.

Capsaicin 8% Patch May Be Effective in Neuropathic Pain

Capsaicin 8% Patch May Be Effective in Neuropathic Pain

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The use of a topical capsaicin 8%may be effective in neuropathic pain associated with postherpetic neuralgia or resulting from trauma or surgery.

Recommendations Developed for Managing Postpartum Pain

Recommendations Developed for Managing Postpartum Pain

Noting that untreated pain is associated with increased risks of greater opioid use, postpartum depression, and development of persistent pain, the authors recommend non-pharmacologic and pharmacologic therapies as components of postpartum pain management.

Gluteal Loading Exercise May Not Improve Greater Trochanteric Pain Syndrome

Gluteal Loading Exercise May Not Improve Greater Trochanteric Pain Syndrome

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Adding an exercise regimen to a comprehensive educational program for the management of greater trochanteric pain syndrome may not bring significant benefit.

Phantom Knee Pain

Phantom Knee Pain

Suspecting that this phenomenon might be the source of my nighttime pain, causing significant REM sleep deprivation, I reasoned that a neuromodulator such as a gabapentinoid might be helpful.

Pain Interference Associated With Depression, Pain Self-Efficacy in Chronic Musculoskeletal Pain

Pain Interference Associated With Depression, Pain Self-Efficacy in Chronic Musculoskeletal Pain

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Patients with chronic musculoskeletal pain on long-term opioid therapy who report high levels of pain may be more likely to have moderate to high pain interference.

Improving Pain Communication Skills to Reduce Pain Catastrophizing

Improving Pain Communication Skills to Reduce Pain Catastrophizing

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Improving the ability to communicate about pain may help reduce the negative effects associated with ambivalence over emotional expression on pain catastrophizing in patients with osteoarthritis pain.

Catastrophizing and Function in Chronic Spinal Pain

Catastrophizing and Function in Chronic Spinal Pain

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Pain catastrophizing may be associated with reduced psychological — and to a lesser extent physical —function in patients with neuropathic pain and spinal pain.

Neuroscience Education Plus Cognitive Motor Control Training for Chronic Spinal Pain

Neuroscience Education Plus Cognitive Motor Control Training for Chronic Spinal Pain

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In patients with chronic spinal pain, neuroscience education coupled with cognitive motor control training may result in greater improvements in pain, central sensitization, and disability compared with standard physiotherapy.

Standardized SCS Workflow May Effectively Alleviate Failed Back Surgery Syndrome-Related Pain

Standardized SCS Workflow May Effectively Alleviate Failed Back Surgery Syndrome-Related Pain

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A novel standardized spinal cord stimulation workflow may effectively and consistently alleviate back and leg pain associated with Failed Back Surgery Syndrome.

Mechanical Plus Chemical Adhesiolysis During Epiduroscopy After Failed Spine Surgery

Mechanical Plus Chemical Adhesiolysis During Epiduroscopy After Failed Spine Surgery

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Administration of hyaluronidase and corticosteroid methylprednisolone acetate to the epidural space during epiduroscopy for failed back surgery-related radicular pain may improve back pain and disability at 1 year.

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