The Critical-Care Pain Observation Tool and the Behavioral Pain Scale may not be optimal tools to assess pain levels in agitated or sedated patients in intensive care units.
In patients with sickle cell disease, review of intermittent pain diaries using a single random day per week or a single week per month was shown to be comparable to review of 5 months' worth of pain diaries.
Many practitioners, researchers, and patients also appeal for techniques that could objectively measure pain.
Dr Clark sought to outline a comprehensive approach to the assessment and follow-up of patients with chronic pain.
The Behavior Pain Assessment Tool is a brief, reliable, and valid tool for assessing pain in critically ill adults and in patients who cannot self-report pain.
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