Migraine and Headache

American Headache Society Releases Position Statement on Novel Preventive and Acute Migraine Treatments

American Headache Society Releases Position Statement on Novel Preventive and Acute Migraine Treatments

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The American Headache Society has issued updated guidelines on the use of novel preventive and acute treatments for migraine in adults.

Hematology Indicates Need for Thrombophilia Test in Children With Migraines

Hematology Indicates Need for Thrombophilia Test in Children With Migraines

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The use of thrombophilia screening may be beneficial for children with migraine, as indicated by hematologic criteria.

Migraine With Aura Increases Risk for Carotid Thickening in Middle-Aged Women

Migraine With Aura Increases Risk for Carotid Thickening in Middle-Aged Women

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Migraine with aura increased the risk for diffuse carotid thickening and migraine without aura was associated with a low risk for carotid plaques and arterial stiffening in middle-aged women.

Noninvasive Vagus Nerve Stimulation Effective for Episodic Migraines

Noninvasive Vagus Nerve Stimulation Effective for Episodic Migraines

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Researchers studied the effectiveness of a hand-held device designed to electrically stimulate the vagus nerve in the neck through the skin to treat episodic migraines.

Managing Migraine During Pregnancy and Lactation

Managing Migraine During Pregnancy and Lactation

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A particular challenge in this population is the effective management of migraine during pregnancy and lactation while minimizing the risk for harm to the fetus.

Cervical Dysfunction Needs Clarification to Identify Link With Headache

Cervical Dysfunction Needs Clarification to Identify Link With Headache

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Future research is needed to determine whether cervical musculoskeletal dysfunction causes migraine or tension-type headache-related neck pain.

Ultrasound-Guided C2 Coblation May Be Effective for Cervicogenic Headache

Ultrasound-Guided C2 Coblation May Be Effective for Cervicogenic Headache

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Treatment of cervicogenic headache with ultrasound-guided C2 nerve root coblation was associated with significant reductions in pain for at least 24 weeks.

OnabotulinumtoxinA Therapy May Reduce Frequency, Severity of New Daily Persistent Headache

OnabotulinumtoxinA Therapy May Reduce Frequency, Severity of New Daily Persistent Headache

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OnabotulinumtoxinA therapy may effectively reduce the frequency and severity of new daily persistent headache at 12 months.

Galcanezumab Provides Persistent Preventive Effects in Episodic, Chronic Migraine

Galcanezumab Provides Persistent Preventive Effects in Episodic, Chronic Migraine

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Galcanezumab was found to provide a statistically significant and clinically meaningful persistent prophylactic effect in patients with episodic or chronic migraine.

Researchers Identify Common Neurologic Manifestations in Fibromuscular Dysplasia

Researchers Identify Common Neurologic Manifestations in Fibromuscular Dysplasia

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Common and rare neurologic manifestations associated with fibromuscular dysplasia include migraine-type headaches, tinnitus, ischemic stroke, and transient ischemic attack.

Type 2 Diabetes Risk Lower in Women With Active Migraine

Type 2 Diabetes Risk Lower in Women With Active Migraine

Women with active migraine have a lower risk for type 2 diabetes.

Migraine With Aura Linked to Increase in Incident A-Fib

Migraine With Aura Linked to Increase in Incident A-Fib

Migraine with aura is associated with an elevated risk for incident atrial fibrillation.

Large Survey Evaluates Effects of Chronic Migraine on Life Domains

Large Survey Evaluates Effects of Chronic Migraine on Life Domains

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In individuals with ≥4 migraine days per month who have not responded to ≥1 prophylactic migraine treatment, migraine was found to substantially affect social and professional life domains.

The Role of Sex Hormones in Primary Headaches: a Review

The Role of Sex Hormones in Primary Headaches: a Review

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Little research has examined the role of sex hormones in primary headaches in the elderly, or in men.

High Prevalence of Headaches Among Patients With Multiple Sclerosis

High Prevalence of Headaches Among Patients With Multiple Sclerosis

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Researchers examined the prevalence and characteristics of headache in patients with MS, specifically to see whether there might be a link between headaches and MS treatments.

Surgical, Nonsurgical Treatments for Chronic Migraine: Evidence and Relevancy

Surgical, Nonsurgical Treatments for Chronic Migraine: Evidence and Relevancy

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There are many procedural treatments for migraine that are effective and safe, including peripheral nerve blocks, trigger point injections, botulinum toxin injections, and sphenopalatine ganglion blocks.

Gender, Social Impairment, Depression Predict Adolescent Headache Prognoses

Gender, Social Impairment, Depression Predict Adolescent Headache Prognoses

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Researchers identified similar characteristics in adolescent girls who experience frequent headaches.

Pseudotumor Cerebri Syndrome Headache Is Often Episodic With Neck, Shoulder Pain

Pseudotumor Cerebri Syndrome Headache Is Often Episodic With Neck, Shoulder Pain

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A review of patients' medical charts was performed to determine characteristics of headache in pseudotumor cerebri syndrome in adolescents.

Hemicrania Continua: Diagnosis and Treatment

Hemicrania Continua: Diagnosis and Treatment

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Hemicrania continua, one of the trigeminal primary headaches, causes intense unilateral pain for ≥3 months.

Galcanezumab Safe, Effective for Reducing Monthly Migraine Days

Galcanezumab Safe, Effective for Reducing Monthly Migraine Days

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Long-term treatment with galcanezumab was found to be safe and effective for reducing the number of monthly migraine headache days in individuals with chronic or episodic migraine.

Neuroimaging in Headache Disorders: When Is It Necessary?

Neuroimaging in Headache Disorders: When Is It Necessary?

The use of neuroimaging as a diagnostic tool remains at the discretion of the clinician, necessitating more research to improve clinical understanding of primary and secondary headaches.

Chronic Migraine Associated With Increased Risk for Poor Sleep Quality

Chronic Migraine Associated With Increased Risk for Poor Sleep Quality

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Patients with chronic vs episodic migraine may be at increased risk for sleep apnea and poor sleep quality.

Update on Anti-CGRP Therapies Presented at AHS 2018 Meeting

Update on Anti-CGRP Therapies Presented at AHS 2018 Meeting

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A literature review on anti-calcitonin gene-related peptide therapies for the treatment of headache sought to provide an update reflecting new information that was presented at the American Headache Society 60th Scientific meeting.

Hybrid Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Acceptable in Patients With Pediatric Migraine, Insomnia

Hybrid Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Acceptable in Patients With Pediatric Migraine, Insomnia

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Investigators sought to determine whether hybrid cognitive behavioral therapy is effective for youths with chronic migraine and insomnia.

Rimegepant Orally Dissolving Formulation Provides Rapid Relief From Acute Migraine

Rimegepant Orally Dissolving Formulation Provides Rapid Relief From Acute Migraine

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Zydis® (rimegepat orally dissolving tablet) may provide fast relief from migraine-associated pain.

Treating Acute Migraine During Pregnancy: The Need for Guidelines

Treating Acute Migraine During Pregnancy: The Need for Guidelines

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Pregnant women presenting with migraine to acute care settings were found to be treated with therapeutic agents ranging from safe and effective medications to others with unclear efficacy and potential teratogenicity.

Barriers to Nonpharmacologic Treatment Adherence for Headache

Barriers to Nonpharmacologic Treatment Adherence for Headache

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Psychological factors such as attitudes, beliefs, and motivation level may affect adherence with nonpharmacologic therapies for headaches.

FDA Clears nVNS Therapy for Prevention of Cluster Headache

FDA Clears nVNS Therapy for Prevention of Cluster Headache

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The FDA clearance was based on data from 2 studies.

High Daily Stress Linked to Migraine Prevalence in Women

High Daily Stress Linked to Migraine Prevalence in Women

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The investigators sought to evaluate the prevalence of migraines, as well as the effect of sex and stress on migraines.

Microvascular Decompression Favored for the Treatment of Cranial Nerve Neuralgias

Microvascular Decompression Favored for the Treatment of Cranial Nerve Neuralgias

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Cranial nerve neuralgias have increasingly been treated with microvascular decompression surgery to the detriment of percutaneous rhizotomies since 2000.

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