MALARONE PEDIATRIC Rx
Generic Name and Formulations:
Atovaquone 62.5mg, proguanil HCl 25mg; tabs.
Indications for MALARONE PEDIATRIC:
Prophylaxis of P. falciparum malaria (including chloroquine-resistant strains). Treatment of acute uncomplicated P. falciparum malaria.
Adults and Children:
Take at the same time each day with food or a milky drink. Children: may crush and mix with condensed milk if unable to swallow tabs. Repeat dose if vomiting occurs within 1 hour. Prophylaxis (once daily starting 1–2 days before entering endemic area, during stay, and for 7 days after return): <11kg: not recommended (see Treatment); 11–20kg: 62.5mg atovaquone/25mg proguanil; 21–30kg: 125mg/50mg; 31–40kg: 187.5mg/75mg. >40kg: 250mg/100mg. Treatment (give as single daily dose for 3 consecutive days): <5kg: not recommended; 5–8kg: 125mg/50mg; 9–10kg: 187.5mg/75mg; 11–20kg: 250mg/100mg; 21–30kg: 500mg/200mg; 31–40kg: 750mg/300mg. >40kg: 1g/400mg.
Prophylaxis in severe renal impairment (CrCl <30mL/min).
Use other therapy in severe malaria, recrudescence, or prophylaxis failure. Monitor parasitemia closely and consider other therapy in severe or persistent diarrhea or vomiting (may use antiemetics). Hepatic or renal impairment (CrCl <30mL/min): consider alternate therapy for treatment. Elderly. Pregnancy (Cat.C; may continue folate supplements). Nursing mothers.
Naphthoquinone + dihydrofolate reductase inhibitor.
Concomitant rifampin, rifabutin: not recommended. Atovaquone antagonized by tetracycline, metoclopramide. Proguanil may potentiate warfarin or other coumarin-based anticoagulants (monitor). Caution with indinavir, CYP2C19 substrates or inhibitors.
GI upset/pain, headache, asthenia, anorexia, dizziness, elevated liver function tests; rare: anaphylaxis, vasculitis, hepatitis, cholestasis. Children: vomiting, pruritus.
Tabs—24, 100; Ped tabs—100
Clinical Pain Advisor Articles
- History of Migraine May Be Associated With Higher Risk for Cochlear Disorders
- Radiofrequency Denervation Efficacious in Treating Thoracic Zygapophyseal Joint Pain
- Symptom Severity, Sensory Sensitivity May Indicate Pain Centralization in Chronic Overlapping Pain Conditions
- Prescribed Opioids Difficulties Scale Effective for Assessing Concerns of Patients With Chronic Pain
- Predictors of Opioid Overdose in High-Risk Users
- Consensus Guidelines for the Use of Intravenous Ketamine for Chronic Pain
- Pain Societies Issue Guidelines on Use of Ketamine for the Management of Acute Pain
- Labor Epidural Analgesia Linked to Reduced Likelihood of Successful Breastfeeding
- Novel Oral Treatment Safe, Effective for Migraine Headache Relief
- DFN-02 Nasal Spray Safe, Effective for Acute Treatment of Episodic Migraine
- Higher PainDETECT Scores, Neuropathic Pain Preoperatively May Increase Risk for Chronic Pain Post-TKR
- Terms Used for Addiction May Be Associated With Explicit, Implicit Bias
- Erenumab Reduces Monthly Migraine Days in Patients With Treatment-Resistant Migraine
- Government and Industry Lead the Way in Funding USPSTF Systematic Reviews
- Communication-Based Intervention Increases Goals-of-Care Discussions Between Physicians, Patients With Serious Illness