Opioid Use in Chronic Low Back Pain: A Population Study
Data on commonly prescribed medications for chronic low back pain were obtained through home-based interviews and pill bottle verification.
Differences exist in race and gender in patients with chronic lower back pain, especially in pain sensitivity and severity due to aftersensations from mechanical punctuate pain and deep muscle hyperalgesia.
The presence of anxiety and depression in individuals with chronic low back pain may be associated with higher pain severity and disability.
Utilization management strategies for opioid and nonopioid medications in low back pain, including quantity limits and prior authorization, were found to be commonly used in Medicaid, Medicare Advantage, and commercial ...