Opioid Use in Chronic Low Back Pain: A Population Study
Data on commonly prescribed medications for chronic low back pain were obtained through home-based interviews and pill bottle verification.
Two screening tools, the STarT Back Screening Tool and the Örebro Musculoskeletal Pain Questionnaire, may be useful in predicting the transition from subacute and acute to chronic low back pain.
Medicaid, commercial, and Medicare Advantage consistently cover physical, occupational, and chiropractic therapy for chronic noncancer low back pain, but not other options, including acupuncture or psychological therapies for low back ...
Low dose amitriptyline may represent an effective alternative to opioid medications for the treatment of chronic low back pain.