The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force recommends screening for illicit drug use in adults, but the evidence is inadequate to ascertain the balance of benefits and harms of screening in adolescents.
Misuse of prescription drugs is common among high school students, and those misusing prescription drugs frequently obtain them from multiple sources.
The incidence of neonatal abstinence syndrome has steadily and notably increased in Canada and researchers believe this increase highlights the importance of implementing integrated care for the mother-infant dyad during and after the birth process.
From 2012 to 2018, there were substantial increases in naloxone dispensing with considerable regional variation.
Individuals taking extended-release injection naltrexone for opioid use disorder may be less likely to drop out of treatment after a single use of opioids compared with patients receiving placebo.
In Canada, researchers found data that showed opioid agonist treatment coincided with antipsychotic compliance in treatment for schizophrenia.
In 2017, the age-adjusted rate of drug overdose deaths was higher in urban than rural counties.
U.S. physicians prescribe opioids more frequently during patient hospitalizations and at discharge compared with physicians in other countries.
The enactment of medical marijuana laws in the United States was not found to be associated with a reduction in the use of nonmedical prescription opioids or in prescription opioid use disorder.
Tighter rules on opioid painkiller prescriptions for U.S. government employees will be implemented in the fall.