“We believe we are getting a two-for-one treatment. We are supplying nourishment to the nerves, but we are also helping to improve blood vessel function,” said Kessler. “The most remarkable thing is that we pushed the dose up and we had literally not one serious side effect in the entire trial, only [injection] site soreness.”

A large trial is now planned, and the researchers hope to enroll 475 patients at 20 sites across the United States starting in December.

Amanda Peltier, MD, who is an assistant professor of neurology at Vanderbilt University in Nashville, Tennessee, said these study findings are interesting, and this approach could represent a new way of treating diabetic neuropathy with fewer treatment-related adverse effects.

“There is a huge unmet need for diabetic neuropathy as the current medicines have side effects and do nothing to improve or retard the progression of the underlying neuropathy, only treat the pain. In addition, our understanding of diabetic neuropathy has improved for type 1 diabetes, but there has been little headway in improving neuropathy for patients with type 2 diabetes,” Peltier told Endocrinology Advisor.

Looking Ahead

According to M. Sue Kirkman, MD, who is a clinical professor of medicine and the medical director of the Diabetes Care Center Clinical Trials Unit at the University of North Carolina School of Medicine in Chapel Hill, this is a quality of life issue.

Although there are several medications that may help symptoms, they are not effective in all patients and may come with significant side effects, Kirkman said.

“This trial showed promising results, but was relatively small and short-term. Larger and longer-term trials will be important to see if the benefits pan out, and also to get a better feel for potential adverse events. Up to now, treatments for diabetic neuropathy have been purely palliative, with no interventions that seem capable of actually improving nerve function,” Kirkman told Endocrinology Advisor

“There are some hints from this study that this agent could actually improve nerve function. If that pans out in larger trials, it would be very exciting, since lack of feeling in the feet from advanced diabetic neuropathy is a risk factor for foot ulcers and amputations.”


1. Kessler JA et al. Ann Clin Transl Neurol. 2015;2(5):465-478.

This article originally appeared on Endocrinology Advisor