Recommendations for Clinicians
- Regardless of the patient’s background or disease activity, remember that the abdominal pain is real and often debilitating for the patient.
- Explain to the patient that abdominal pain often has multiple overlapping underpinnings.
- Perform a comprehensive assessment, taking into account physical, psychological, neurobiological, and psychosocial domains.
- Design an individualized treatment plan.
- Taper the patient off narcotics.
- Remember that visceral hypersensitivity can exist during disease flares and during remission.
- Behavioral therapy has utility in all disease states.
- Psychosocial therapies can be recommended adjunctively.
Conclusions and Future Approaches
The authors discuss novel anti-inflammatory medications under investigation, including cannabis, psychotherapy, and TENS and recommend future research “aimed at uncovering underlying mechanisms of pain perception” and examining therapeutic options.
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