HealthDay News — Life expectancy has increased slightly in the United States, and mortality is lower than in 2007, according to a report published Oct. 30 by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention National Center for Health Statistics.
In the report, researchers from the National Center for Health Statistics present trends relating to health status and determinants, health care utilization, availability and use of health care resources, and health care expenditure and payers.
According to the report, life expectancy at birth in the United States was 78.6 years in 2017, up 0.5 years from 2007. However, in recent years, the life expectancy at birth has decreased. Fertility rates per 1,000 women decreased in 10 of the last 11 years. Infant mortality was 5.79 deaths per 1,000 live births in 2017, down 14 percent from 2007. The age-adjusted death rates were 6 percent lower for both men and women in 2017 versus 2007. The age-adjusted death rate for drug overdose increased from 11.9 to 21.7 per 100,000 from 2007 to 2017. Among teenagers aged 15 to 19 years, the birth rate decreased from 41.5 to 18.8 live births per 1,000 teens from 2007 to 2017, reaching a record low.
In 2018, the percentage of students in grades 9 to 12 who smoked cigarettes in the past 30 days decreased 7.7 percentage points, while electronic cigarette use increased 19.3 percent. Obesity among male and female children and adolescents aged 2 to 19 years and among women and men increased from 1999-2000 to 2015-2016.