A 66-year-old woman presents with chronic left ankle pain following open reduction and internal fixation for a fracture approximately 1 year ago.
A teenage boy presents with pain and swelling in his left thumb following an injury sustained during a football game.
A 14-year-old adolescent presents with left shoulder pain following a fall 2 days prior.
A 57-year-old woman presents with bilateral knee pain. Standing anteroposterior radiograph (Figure) shows varus deformities of both knees. The patient is scheduled for a total knee replacement.
A 21-year-old woman presents with a 1-year history of neck pain, difficulty swallowing, and numbness of the tongue.
A 71-year-old man presents with chronic lower back pain for many years that is affecting his ability to walk.
A 63-year-old man presents to the emergency department with left knee pain and deformity after he fell off a deck approximately 6 hours earlier. He was intoxicated when he fell approximately 10 feet and landed on his left leg. Anteroposterior and lateral radiographs of the left knee (Figures 1 and 2) show a posterior knee…
A 29-year-old man presents with a 2-year history of headaches and blurred vision. Upon examination, he is noted to have a superotemporal visual field defect. Lumbar puncture is performed and reveals an elevated opening pressure of 30 cm H20. Analysis of the cerebrospinal fluid shows a white blood cell count of 18 cells/µL (87% L),…
A 28-year-old man presents to the office with left wrist pain after he fell on his outstretched hand. Anteroposterior and lateral radiographs (Figures 1 and 2) show a displaced distal radius and ulnar styloid fracture. The distal radius fracture is treated with open reduction and internal fixation. How should the ulnar styloid fracture be treated?
A 57-year-old woman presents with bilateral knee pain. Standing anteroposterior radiograph (Figure) shows varus deformities of both knees. The patient is scheduled for a total knee replacement. Which of the following describes the mechanical axis upon which total knee alignment is based?