Indications for VICOPROFEN:
Short-term (generally <10 days) management of acute pain severe enough to require an opioid analgesic and for which alternative treatments are inadequate. Limitations of use: not for use in osteoarthritis or rheumatoid arthritis.
Limitations of Use:
Not for use in osteoarthritis or rheumatoid arthritis.
Use lowest effective dose for shortest duration. Individualize. ≥16yrs: 1 tab every 4–6 hours as needed; max 5 tabs/24hrs. Renal or severe hepatic impairment: initiate at lower dose. Concomitant use or discontinuation of CYP3A4 inhibitors or inducers: monitor closely and consider dose adjustments (see full labeling). Withdraw gradually by 25–50% every 2–4 days.
<16yrs: not established.
Significant respiratory depression. Acute or severe bronchial asthma in an unmonitored setting or in the absence of resuscitative equipment. Known or suspected GI obstruction, including paralytic ileus. Aspirin allergy. Coronary artery bypass graft surgery.
Life-threatening respiratory depression; monitor within first 24–72hrs of initiating therapy and following dose increases. Accidental exposure may cause fatal overdose (esp. in children). COPD, cor pulmonale, decreased respiratory reserve, hypoxia, hypercapnia, or pre-existing respiratory depression; monitor and consider non-opioid analgesics. Abuse potential (monitor). Adrenal insufficiency. Head injury. Increased intracranial pressure, brain tumors; monitor. Seizure disorders. CNS depression. Impaired consciousness, coma, shock; avoid. Biliary tract disease. Acute pancreatitis. Increased risk of serious cardiovascular events (including MI, stroke). Avoid in recent MI, severe heart failure; if necessary, monitor. Increased risk of serious GI adverse events (including inflammation, bleeding, ulceration, perforation). History of ulcer disease and/or GI bleeding. Hypertension; monitor BP closely. Dehydration. Hypovolemia. Renal or hepatic impairment. Advanced renal disease: not recommended. Hyperkalemia. Coagulation disorders. Pre-existing asthma. May mask signs of infection or fever. Discontinue at 1st sign of rash or any other hypersensitivity, if signs/symptoms of liver disease, or abnormal vision develop. Monitor CBCs, blood chemistry, hepatic, renal, and ocular function. Drug abusers. Reevaluate periodically. Avoid abrupt cessation. Elderly. Cachectic. Debilitated. Pregnancy (≥30 weeks gestation; avoid); potential neonatal opioid withdrawal syndrome during prolonged use. Labor & delivery: not recommended. Nursing mothers: monitor infants.
Opioid + NSAID.
Increased risk of hypotension, respiratory depression, sedation with benzodiazepines or other CNS depressants (eg, non-benzodiazepine sedatives/hypnotics, anxiolytics, general anesthetics, phenothiazines, tranquilizers, muscle relaxants, antipsychotics, alcohol, other opioids); reserve concomitant use in those for whom alternative options are inadequate; limit dosages/durations to minimum required; monitor. During or within 14 days of MAOIs: not recommended. Risk of serotonin syndrome with serotonergic drugs (eg, SSRIs, SNRIs, TCAs, triptans, 5-HT3 antagonists, mirtazapine, trazodone, tramadol, MAOIs, linezolid, IV methylene blue); monitor and discontinue if suspected. Avoid concomitant mixed agonist/antagonist opioids (eg, butorphanol, nalbuphine, pentazocine) or partial agonist (eg, buprenorphine); may reduce effects and precipitate withdrawal symptoms. Potentiated by CYP3A4 inhibitors (eg, macrolides, azole antifungals, protease inhibitors). Antagonized by CYP3A4 inducers (eg, rifampin, carbamazepine, phenytoin). Paralytic ileus may occur with anticholinergics. Avoid concomitant aspirin, salicylates (eg, diflunisal, salsalate) or other NSAIDs. Increased risk of GI bleed with anticoagulants, antiplatelets, oral corticosteroids, SSRIs, SNRIs, smoking, alcohol, or prolonged NSAID therapy; monitor. May antagonize, or increase risk of renal failure with diuretics (eg, loop or thiazides), ACEIs, ARBs, or β-blockers; monitor closely. Potentiates digoxin; monitor levels. May potentiate lithium, methotrexate, cyclosporine; monitor for toxicity. Concomitant with pemetrexed may increase risk of pemetrexed-associated myelosuppression, renal, and GI toxicity.
Headache, somnolence, constipation, nausea, dizziness, dyspepsia; respiratory depression, severe hypotension, syncope, cardiovascular thrombotic events, GI ulcer/bleed, hepatotoxicity, renal toxicity, hypersensitivity reactions, anemia; rare: aseptic meningitis.