Migraine and headache:
Indications for MAXALT:
Acute treatment of migraine.
≥18yrs: Initially 5 or 10mg; may repeat after 2hrs; max 30mg/24hrs. Concomitant propranolol: 5mg; max 15mg/24hrs. The safety of treating, on average, more than 4 headaches in a 30-day period has not been established.
<6yrs: not established. 6–17yrs (<40kg): 5mg; (≥40kg): 10mg. Concomitant propranolol (≥40kg only): max 5mg/24hrs. The efficacy and safety of treating with ≥1 dose/24hrs have not been established.
Ischemic coronary artery disease (eg, angina pectoris, history of MI, documented silent ischemia). Other significant cardiovascular disease. Coronary artery vasospasm (eg, Prinzmetal's angina). History of stroke or TIA. Peripheral vascular disease. Ischemic bowel disease. Uncontrolled hypertension. Basilar or hemiplegic migraine. Within 24 hours of other 5-HT1 agonists or ergot-type drugs. During or within 2 weeks after discontinuing MAOIs.
Confirm diagnosis. Exclude underlying cardiovascular disease; supervise 1st dose and monitor ECG in patients with multiple risk factors (eg, increased age, diabetes, hypertension, smoking, obesity, strong family history of coronary artery disease). Monitor cardiovascular function in long-term intermittent use. Discontinue if life-threatening cardiac rhythm disturbances (including ventricular tachycardia/fibrillation), cerebrovascular events occur. Rule out non-coronary vasospastic reactions if suspected. ODT tabs: Phenylketonuria. Elderly. Pregnancy. Nursing mothers.
Selective 5-HT1B/1D receptor agonist.
See Contraindications. Potentiated by propranolol (see Adults, Children). Serotonin syndrome with concomitant SSRIs, SNRIs, TCAs, MAOIs; discontinue if suspected.
Asthenia, fatigue, somnolence, chest/throat/neck/jaw pressure/pain, dizziness; arrhythmias, cerebrovascular events, other vasospasms, hypertension, medication overuse headache.