Indications for ETHAMOLIN:
For the treatment of esophageal varices that have recently bled, to prevent rebleeding.
Usual IV dose: 1.5–5mL per varix. Max dose per treatment session: 20mL. Child Class C or concomitant cardiopulmonary disease: give less than the recommended max dose. To obliterate the varix, may give injections at the time of the acute bleeding episode and then after one week, six weeks, three months, and six months as indicated.
Should be performed by physician familiar with technique. Submucosal inj: not recommended. Cardiorespiratory disease; monitor. Child Class C (more likely to develop esophageal ulceration). Elderly, critically ill (increased risk of fatal aspiration pneumonia). Pregnancy (Cat.C). Nursing mothers.
Pleural effusion/infiltration, esophageal ulcer, pyrexia, retrosternal pain, esophageal stricture, pneumonia, rare: anaphylactic reaction (may be fatal), acute renal failure.