Physical Activity, Cognitive, Spiritual Strategies Used by Patients With HIV, Pain
Interventions that incorporate healthy self-management strategies may be effective in improving both HIV and pain.
HealthDay News -- For individuals with HIV and chronic pain, various pain self-management strategies are employed, including physical activity, cognitive and spiritual strategies, and substance use, according to a study published online in Pain Medicine.
Noting that chronic pain is common in individuals with HIV, Jessica S. Merlin, MD, MBA, from the University of Alabama at Birmingham, and colleagues conducted a thematic analysis of qualitative data from 25 interviews with individuals with HIV and chronic pain.
The researchers found that physical activity; cognitive and spiritual strategies; spending time with family and friends and social support; avoidance of physical/social activity; medication-centric pain management; and substance use were cited by participants as the primary pain self-management strategies.
"Some of these strategies may be viewed as beneficial and overlap with known HIV self-management strategies (cognitive strategies), whereas others may have negative health consequences (substance use)," the authors write. "Interventions that incorporate healthy self-management strategies may be particularly effective in improving both HIV and pain outcomes."