Chronic Pain

Education Plus Exercise, Single Corticosteroid Injection Effective in Long Term for Gluteal Tendinopathy

Education Plus Exercise, Single Corticosteroid Injection Effective in Long Term for Gluteal Tendinopathy

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Education combined with exercise as well as a single corticosteroid injection may be more effective than a wait-and-see approach for alleviating gluteal tendinopathy-associated pain.

Opioids in Setting of Hemodialysis Associated With Adverse Events

Opioids in Setting of Hemodialysis Associated With Adverse Events

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Opioids were found to be associated with adverse events in older Medicare beneficiaries on hemodialysis.

Exposure to Opioids in the ICU May Not Be Associated With Persistent Pain

Exposure to Opioids in the ICU May Not Be Associated With Persistent Pain

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Persistent pain — which is common in survivors of critical illnesses — may not be associated with opioid exposure during intensive care unit stay.

Catastrophizing and Function in Chronic Spinal Pain

Catastrophizing and Function in Chronic Spinal Pain

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Pain catastrophizing may be associated with reduced psychological — and to a lesser extent physical —function in patients with neuropathic pain and spinal pain.

Efficacy of Web-Based Pain Empowerment, Self-Management Platform for Chronic Pain

Efficacy of Web-Based Pain Empowerment, Self-Management Platform for Chronic Pain

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A newly developed Web-based platform designed to empower patients with chronic pain and provide them with self-management tools was found to improve self-efficacy and treatment satisfaction when administered in conjunction with nurse and social worker coaching.

Psychological Interventions May Reduce Pain, Catastrophizing in Elderly

Psychological Interventions May Reduce Pain, Catastrophizing in Elderly

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Cognitive behavioral therapy-based psychological interventions may provide some benefits in older adults with chronic non-cancer pain.

Marijuana Legalization and Opioid Prescribing Rates

Marijuana Legalization and Opioid Prescribing Rates

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Implementing medical or adult-use marijuana laws may reduce the rate of opioid prescribing for Medicaid enrollees.

Interbrain Coupling During Handholding Associated With Analgesia, Empathy

Interbrain Coupling During Handholding Associated With Analgesia, Empathy

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Interbrain coupling of areas implicated in pain processing may be enhanced when romantic partners hold hands while 1 of the 2 is subjected to pain.

The Relationship Between Sleep, Chronic Pain, and Mood Disorders in Children

The Relationship Between Sleep, Chronic Pain, and Mood Disorders in Children

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The presence of sleep disorders in children with chronic pain may result in greater pain levels and pain interference, a relationship that may in part be mediated by anxiety and depressive symptoms.

Prescription Opioid Tapering in Community Outpatients With Chronic Pain

Prescription Opioid Tapering in Community Outpatients With Chronic Pain

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Investigators sought to determine whether a patient-centered prescription opioid tapering program would be effective for reducing opioid doses in patients taking long-term prescription opioids.

Predicting Suicidal Ideation in Veterans With Chronic Pain

Predicting Suicidal Ideation in Veterans With Chronic Pain

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A number of factors including chronic pain co-occurring with posttraumatic stress disorder and pain interference may predict suicidal ideation and violent impulses in US veterans with chronic pain.

Elder Abuse Not Associated With Risk for Chronic Pain

Elder Abuse Not Associated With Risk for Chronic Pain

Researchers assessed the cross-sectional and longitudinal relationships between elder abuse and neglect and chronic pain.

Assessing Outcomes of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy for Chronic Pain

Assessing Outcomes of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy for Chronic Pain

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Neuropsychological performance may not be associated with the improvements in pain interference observed after an 8-week Acceptance and Commitment Therapy program in veterans with chronic pain.

Tackling the Chronic Pain and Opioid Use Disorder Crises Through Public-Private Partnerships

Tackling the Chronic Pain and Opioid Use Disorder Crises Through Public-Private Partnerships

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Partnerships between public and private entities could expedite the development of nonaddictive pain therapies and other strategies to address the dual crises of chronic pain and opioid use disorder.

Helping to End Addiction Long-Term Initiative by NIH Launched to Address Opioid Epidemic

Helping to End Addiction Long-Term Initiative by NIH Launched to Address Opioid Epidemic

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National Institutes of Health Director, Francis Collins, MD, PhD, announced on April 4, 2018 the launch of the Helping to End Addiction Long-Term Initiative.

Pernix Announces Availability of Zohydro ER 20 mg Dosage Strength

Pernix Announces Availability of Zohydro ER 20 mg Dosage Strength

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Zohydro ER is also available in 10mg, 15mg, 30mg, 40mg, and 50mg dosage strengths.

Positive Affect, Resilience, and Pain in MS With Chronic Pain

Positive Affect, Resilience, and Pain in MS With Chronic Pain

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Resilience may mediate the relationships between positive affect and pain interference and depression in patients with multiple sclerosis.

Chronic Pain in Adolescents and Alexithymia

Chronic Pain in Adolescents and Alexithymia

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Adolescent patients with chronic pain may be more likely to suffer from alexithymia.

CBT vs Pain Education for Chronic Pain in Low-Income Clinics

CBT vs Pain Education for Chronic Pain in Low-Income Clinics

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Group cognitive behavioral therapy and pain education may be more effective than usual care for improving pain and physical function in patients presenting with chronic pain at low-income clinics.

Safety, Efficacy of Lidocaine Infusion for Prolonged Neuropathic Pain

Safety, Efficacy of Lidocaine Infusion for Prolonged Neuropathic Pain

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Investigators sought to determine whether repeated intravenous low-dose lidocaine could provide prolonged pain relief in patients with refractory neuropathic pain.

Literacy-Adapted Group CBT for Chronic Pain

Literacy-Adapted Group CBT for Chronic Pain

For patients with chronic pain, literacy-adapted group cognitive behavioral therapy and group pain education improve pain and physical function compared with usual care.

Naldemedine Safe, Effective for Opioid-Induced Constipation

Naldemedine Safe, Effective for Opioid-Induced Constipation

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Naldemedine was found to be safe and effective for increasing bowel movement frequency and improving quality of life in patients with chronic non-cancer pain and opioid-induced constipation.

Limited Evidence Supporting Effectiveness of Cranial Electrical Stimulation for Chronic Pain

Limited Evidence Supporting Effectiveness of Cranial Electrical Stimulation for Chronic Pain

Researchers reviewed evidence relating to the benefits and harms of cranial electrical stimulation for adults with chronic painful conditions, depression, anxiety, and insomnia.

Reviewing the Effectiveness of Lidocaine for the Management of Chronic Pain

Reviewing the Effectiveness of Lidocaine for the Management of Chronic Pain

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Systemic lidocaine administered via IV or patch has consistently shown effectiveness for the treatment and prevention of chronic pain.

Burden Associated With Pharmacotherapy Switching in Trigeminal Neuralgia

Burden Associated With Pharmacotherapy Switching in Trigeminal Neuralgia

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An examination of treatment patterns among patients with trigeminal neuralgia suggests that this orofacial disorder appears to be significantly burdensome.

Web-Based CBT Adjunct May Address Aberrant Drug-Related Behaviors in Chronic Pain

Web-Based CBT Adjunct May Address Aberrant Drug-Related Behaviors in Chronic Pain

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A web-based cognitive behavior therapy program may be associated with greater reductions in aberrant drug-related behavior, pain interference, and pain catastrophizing in patients with chronic pain treated with opioids who undergo treatment as usual compared with patients who undergo treatment as usual only.

Depression-Associated Stigma May Limit Access to Chronic Pain Care

Depression-Associated Stigma May Limit Access to Chronic Pain Care

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Individuals with chronic pain and comorbid depression may experience higher levels of stigma related to their conditions compared with patients with chronic pain alone.

Sleep Quality, PTSD Symptoms, and Chronic Pain in Youth

Sleep Quality, PTSD Symptoms, and Chronic Pain in Youth

For youth with chronic pain, researchers found that sleep quality partially mediated the relationships between PTSD and pain intensity and interference.

Narcotic Analgesic Formulations

Comparative chart of narcotic analgesics including formulations, strengths, and dosing intervals.

Web-Based Pain Management Program Reduces Aberrant Drug Behavior in Chronic Pain

Web-Based Pain Management Program Reduces Aberrant Drug Behavior in Chronic Pain

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A web-based self-management program may reduce aberrant drug behaviors and pain catastrophizing in patients with chronic pain treated with opioids.

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