Timothy Belden, Author at Clinical Pain Advisor

Timothy Belden

All articles by Timothy Belden

Methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) Toxicity (Ecstasy Toxicity)

I. Problem/Condition. 3,4-Methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) (i.e. ecstasy, Adam, X, XTC, E) is one of many methylated amphetamine derivatives, and is structurally similar to that of methamphetamine. It differs pharmacologically in that it has both stimulatory and mild psychedelic properties, noted to be equivalent to that of hallucinogenic mescaline, however, auditory and visual hallucinations are uncommon. MDMA…

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