Manuel Fontes, Author at Clinical Pain Advisor

Manuel Fontes

All articles by Manuel Fontes

Mitral Valve Replacement

What the Anesthesiologist Should Know before the Operative Procedure Background Mitral valvular disease can be categorized as either stenotic or incompetent, albeit a third or more of patients present with both lesions. Mitral stenosis (MS) represents a pressure overload condition; whereas, mitral insufficiency or mitral regurgitation (MR) represents a volume overload state. As such, the…

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