Jason Katz, Author at Clinical Pain Advisor

Jason Katz

All articles by Jason Katz

Chest pain

1. Description of the problem Chest pain may be the result of any number of pathologic and non-pathologic processes. It is important to take a thorough history, as this can often be the key factor in determining the etiology for a patient’s chest pain symptoms. Careful attention should be focused on obtaining a history that…

Chronic heart failure, Congestive Heart Failure, Systolic Heart Failure

Chronic Heart Failure Synonyms Congestive Heart Failure Systolic Heart Failure Related Conditions Cardiomyopathy Acute decompensated heart failure 1. Description of the problem Chronic heart failure is common. Over 5 million people in the United States alone carry this diagnosis, and each year over 600,000 patients are newly diagnosed. At the same time, the morbidity and…

Acute decompensated heart failure, Acute heart failure, Decompensated heart failure, Acute systolic heart failure

Acute decompensated heart failure Synonyms Acute heart failure, Decompensated heart failure, Acute systolic heart failure Related Conditions Congestive heart failure Pulmonary edema Systolic heart failure 1. Description of the problem Acute heart failure is a complex clinical syndrome that results from the inability of the heart to meet the metabolic demands of the body. This…

Myocardial infarction

Myocardial infarction Synonyms ST-Elevation Myocardial Infarction (STEMI) Non-ST-Elevation Myocardial Infarction (NSTEMI) Related conditions Acute Coronary Syndrome Chest Pain Stable Angina 1. Description of the problem Myocardial infarction results when coronary blood flow is compromised, resulting in myocardial necrosis. Pathologically speaking, a transmural infarct results when myocardial necrosis extends throughout the entire thickness of the myocardium…

Stable angina; chest pain; angina pectoris

Stable Angina Also known as: Chest Pain, Angina Pectoris Related conditions: Chest Pain, Acute Coronary Syndrome, Myocardial Infarction 1. Description of the problem Stable angina is a chronic pattern of transient chest pain that is precipitated by activity and relieved with rest. No permanent myocardial injury occurs. During stable angina, there is a transient imbalance…

Acute coronary syndrome, Myocardial Infarction, Unstable Angina

Acute Coronary Syndrome Synonym Myocardial infarction, Unstable angina Related Conditions ST-elevation myocardial infarction Non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction Unstable angina 1. Description of the problem Acute coronary syndromes (ACS) represent a continuum of interrelated diseases including unstable angina (UA), non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI), and ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Each year, there are over 1.5 million hospitalizations for…

Cardiac arrest, Sudden Cardiac Death, Sudden Cardiac Arrest, Sudden Death

1. Description of the problem Cardiac arrest accounts for substantial morbidity and mortality. It is characterized by unexpected circulatory collapse related to a cardiac cause, most commonly cardiac arrhythmias. Despite advances in the care of patients with cardiovascular disease, survival rates for patients who experience cardiac arrest are dismal; for those who do survive, neurological…

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