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Hospital Medicine

HIV

I. Problem/Condition. “Acute HIV”, or “acute retroviral syndrome”, is the clinical presentation of early HIV seroconversion and represents the time between initial infection and detection of HIV antibodies. Often undiagnosed, its non-specific presentation can make it a difficult diagnosis, particularly if no HIV exposure is identified. In general, about 2/3 of patients acutely infected with…
Drug Monograph

REVEAL

In vitro HIV-1 antibody test.
Drug Monograph

ORAQUICK

In vitro HIV-1 antibody test.
Anesthesiology

HIV patients

What should the Anesthesiologist Should Know Prior to the Operative Procedure Background Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), the causative viral organism of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), was first recognized over 20 years ago, and has since infected approximately 50 million people worldwide. In the United States, there are between 850,000 to 1 million cases of HIV/AIDS,…
Obstetrics and Gynecology

HIV and Pregnancy

HIV and Pregnancy 1. What every clinician should know Clinical features and incidence The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a retrovirus that targets T helper lymphocytes and gains entry to these cells via the CD4 receptor. HIV causes disease by killing CD4+ T helper cells, which results in dysfunction of the host immune system. A…
Regulatory Issues

New WHO Recommendations for Managing HIV Drug Resistance

The World Health Organization published new guidelines for managing HIV drug resistance in countries in which pretreatment HIV drug resistance to non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NNRTIs) is prevalent.
Hospital Medicine

HIV in pregnancy

HIV in pregnancy I. What Every Physician Needs to Know Most women infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) are in their reproductive years and the majority of the disease is acquired via heterosexual transmission. In the United States, approximately 6,000 women infected with HIV give birth every year. HIV infection can be transmitted from mother…
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