Opioids

Opioid Use May Increase Risk for Invasive Pneumococcal Disease

Opioid Use May Increase Risk for Invasive Pneumococcal Disease

Opioid use is associated with elevated risk for invasive pneumococcal disease, especially for long-acting, high-potency, and high-dose opioids.

FDA Concerned About Potential for Abuse, Addiction With Kratom

FDA Concerned About Potential for Abuse, Addiction With Kratom

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An investigation of the 25 most prevalent compounds in kratom showed that these compounds share structural similarities with controlled opioid analgesics, such as morphine derivatives.

Opioid Use in Sepsis Linked to Higher Mortality

Opioid Use in Sepsis Linked to Higher Mortality

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Higher mortality associated with opioid use in hospitalized patients with sepsis suggests an immunosuppressive effect that could contribute to worse outcomes.

Tamper-Resistant Controlled-Release Oxycodone and Opioid Use: A Population Study

Tamper-Resistant Controlled-Release Oxycodone and Opioid Use: A Population Study

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A new tamper-resistant formulation of controlled-release oxycodone was not found to reduce opioid use or harm at the population level.

New Guidelines for Opioid Use in Refractory Restless Leg Syndrome

New Guidelines for Opioid Use in Refractory Restless Leg Syndrome

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Opioids may be "life-transforming" for patients with refractory restless legs syndrome when taken in relatively low total daily doses, according to new guidelines.

Walmart Launching Disposal Program for Opioids, Leftover Prescription Drugs

Walmart Launching Disposal Program for Opioids, Leftover Prescription Drugs

Walmart is launching a first-of-its-kind opioid disposal solution in all company pharmacies, which is available at no cost.

Web-Based Pain Management Program Reduces Aberrant Drug Behavior in Chronic Pain

Web-Based Pain Management Program Reduces Aberrant Drug Behavior in Chronic Pain

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A web-based self-management program may reduce aberrant drug behaviors and pain catastrophizing in patients with chronic pain treated with opioids.

Opioid Prescriptions for Musculoskeletal Conditions Increase Patient Satisfaction

Opioid Prescriptions for Musculoskeletal Conditions Increase Patient Satisfaction

The researchers found that 13.1% of patients with musculoskeletal conditions were opioid users, and those using prescribed opioids were more likely to be highly satisfied with their care.

Disposal of Unused Opioids After Surgery Improved With Educational Brochure

Disposal of Unused Opioids After Surgery Improved With Educational Brochure

Disseminating an educational brochure improves disposal of unused opioids after surgery.

Potential Opioid Overprescription May Be Common After Most Surgical Procedures

Potential Opioid Overprescription May Be Common After Most Surgical Procedures

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Opioids may be overprescribed frequently after surgery in most specialties.

Perioperative Gabapentin May Modestly Promote Postoperative Opioid Cessation

Perioperative Gabapentin May Modestly Promote Postoperative Opioid Cessation

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Compared with placebo, gabapentin administered pre- and postoperatively may reduce the time to postoperative opioid cessation, but was not shown to improve postoperative pain resolution.

Intravenous Acetaminophen May Reduce Hospital Length of Stay in Adolescents Undergoing Posterior Spinal Fusion

Intravenous Acetaminophen May Reduce Hospital Length of Stay in Adolescents Undergoing Posterior Spinal Fusion

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Postoperative management of adolescents undergoing posterior spinal fusion surgery with intravenous acetaminophen may have an opioid-sparing effect, due to a reduced hospital length of stay.

Lower Socioeconomic Indicators Linked to Increase in Opioid Prescriptions

Lower Socioeconomic Indicators Linked to Increase in Opioid Prescriptions

Among disabled Medicare beneficiaries, county-level socioeconomic factors are associated with opioid prescriptions, with more prescriptions seen with lower socioeconomic indicators.

FDA Announces Codeine/Hydrocodone-Containing Cold Medicine No Longer Indicated for Children

FDA Announces Codeine/Hydrocodone-Containing Cold Medicine No Longer Indicated for Children

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The Food and Drug Administration is requiring that changes be made to the labeling of prescription cough and cold medicines containing codeine and hydrocodone.

Prescription Opioid Availability and Risk for Initiation in Household Members

Prescription Opioid Availability and Risk for Initiation in Household Members

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Availability of prescription opioids in the household may increase the risk for opioid initiation in coresidents.

Slow-Release Oral Morphine, a Promising Opioid Agonist Therapy Alternative to Buprenorphine, Methadone

Slow-Release Oral Morphine, a Promising Opioid Agonist Therapy Alternative to Buprenorphine, Methadone

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Slow-release oral morphine may be a valuable tool to help reduce the number of deaths from opioid-related overdose.

Opioid Use Associated With Subjective Measures of Disease in Ankylosing Spondylitis

Opioid Use Associated With Subjective Measures of Disease in Ankylosing Spondylitis

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Opioid use in patients with ankylosing spondylitis may be associated with subjective measures of disease and depression, but not objective measures of inflammation.

FDA Tentatively Approves Arymo ER Label Update for Abuse-Deterrent Claims

FDA Tentatively Approves Arymo ER Label Update for Abuse-Deterrent Claims

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The FDA has tentatively approved an update to the Arymo ER extended-release tablets labeling to include data from an intranasal abuse-deterrent claim.

Topical Analgesics Aid Opioid Discontinuation, Pain Management

Topical Analgesics Aid Opioid Discontinuation, Pain Management

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In a recent study, about half of the study patients taking opioids who were prescribed topical analgesics for pain management discontinued their opioids after 3 to 6 months of treatment.

Statins Ineffective in Reducing Pain, Opioid Consumption After Hip Surgery

Statins Ineffective in Reducing Pain, Opioid Consumption After Hip Surgery

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The use of statins after hip surgery may not reduce pain levels or the need for opioids.

Ob-Gyns Opioid Prescribing Practices Need Improvement

Ob-Gyns Opioid Prescribing Practices Need Improvement

Improvement in obstetrician-gynecologists' knowledge and prescribing practices regarding opioids is needed.

Best Practices for Discussing Opioid Tapering With Your Patients

Best Practices for Discussing Opioid Tapering With Your Patients

Helping patients understand individualized reasons for opioid tapering and encouraging them to provide input into the process are key for patient-provider communications.

Opioid Epidemic Response May Restrict Cancer-Related Pain Management

Opioid Epidemic Response May Restrict Cancer-Related Pain Management

Although much of the response to the opioid epidemic exempts treatment for cancer-related pain, a recent Oncology Nurse Advisor online survey showed that more than 80% of respondents were concerned about how current restrictions set up to manage the opioid crisis are affecting cancer patient pain management.

Opioid Prescribing vs Consumption Following Rhinoplasty

Opioid Prescribing vs Consumption Following Rhinoplasty

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Patients used only 40% of the hydrocodone-acetaminophen combination tablets prescribed to them following rhinoplasty.

The Opioid Crisis and the Increase in Hepatitis C Virus Infections

The Opioid Crisis and the Increase in Hepatitis C Virus Infections

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The prevalence of opioid abuse has not only resulted in a substantial increase in drug-related deaths and HIV transmissions, but has also led to an increase in the number of people infected with HCV.

Postoperative Pain Management in Children With Developmental Delay

Postoperative Pain Management in Children With Developmental Delay

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Parent- and nurse-controlled analgesia may not reduce postoperative pain in children with developmental delay compared with opioids administered by a nurse as needed.

Chronic Pain Management in Primary Care Settings

Chronic Pain Management in Primary Care Settings

From helping patients with opioid addiction to finding pain management programs, one physician shares his experience with chronic pain management in the primary care setting.

High Risk for Prescription Opioid, Heroin Overdose in Baby Boomer Generation

High Risk for Prescription Opioid, Heroin Overdose in Baby Boomer Generation

Individuals born between 1947 and 1964 have a significantly increased risk for prescription opioid overdose death and heroin overdose death, and those born from 1979 to 1992 also have an increased risk of heroin overdose death.

Chronic Pain Management Malpractice Claims: Insight Into Underlying Causes

Chronic Pain Management Malpractice Claims: Insight Into Underlying Causes

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Malpractice claims in outpatient chronic pain management most commonly involved patient noncooperation in care and provider deficits in clinical judgment, communication, and documentation.

Joint Commission Provides Insights Into Current Opioid Prescribing Trends, Pain Management

Joint Commission Provides Insights Into Current Opioid Prescribing Trends, Pain Management

The Joint Commission has provided insight into trends in opioid prescriptions over the last 3 decades, as well as current quality and safety problems in acute pain management.

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