Individuals taking opioids were found to be more likely to report physical and mental health issues and to have more frequent dealings with the criminal justice system compared with individuals not taking opioids.
In adults with sickle cell disease, higher daily opioid use may be associated with poorer health-related quality of life.
A targeted intervention strategy aimed at decreasing intravenous opioid use in hospitalized adults was found to lower both intravenous and overall parenteral opioid prescriptions.
Preoperative chronic opioid use is associated with poor outcomes and continued dependence after posterior lumbar fusion.
Implementation of an enhanced recovery after surgery protocol resulted in an increase in opioid-free anesthesia and multimodal analgesia, but did not modify opioid prescribing practices.
Yoga improved health outcomes in military veterans with chronic low back pain, including lowering their pain intensity.
Incident opioid drug use is associated with elevated rates of ischemic heart disease-related morbidity and mortality among older adults with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
Teenagers with prescription opioid exposures are more likely to have health care facility admission and serious medical outcomes than younger children.
Buprenorphine/naloxone treatment initiated in the emergency department and prolonged for 10 weeks in primary care improved treatment engagement and reduced opioid use compared with referral or brief intervention.
Opioids prescribed for pain following a motor vehicle collision do not reduce the likelihood of developing persistent pain.
Preexisting psychiatric and behavioral conditions and psychoactive medication use are associated with subsequent claims of prescription opioids.
"Exercise-based motivational interviewing was associated with sustained clinical benefits 6 months after completion of therapy, but only for those who were not taking opioids."
A collection of self-education resources are now available to address opioid misuse disorders.
Only 1 percent still took opioids one year after hospital discharge
Preliminary results suggest that this transdermal analgesic is efficacious in reducing opioid use and pain scores in patients experiencing chronic neuropathy and musculoskeletal pain.
Almost 15% of older adults surveyed used high-risk methods for obtaining prescription opioids
A high level of comorbidity exists between substance use disorders and chronic pain.
Biosensors may be useful to detect episodes of opioid use in real time, and this ability could help manage pain during treatment.
Finding supports naloxone prescriptions for patients taking opioids for chronic pain
Implementation of the Narcotic Safety Initiative has been successful in California one year after its launching.
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