Opioid Addiction

CDC: Opioid Rx Rate Remains High, Inconsistent in the US

CDC: Opioid Rx Rate Remains High, Inconsistent in the US

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The number of opioids prescribed in the US decreased between 2010 and 2015, but the overall rate remains high.

Strategies to Curb the Opioid Epidemic: A National Academies Report

Strategies to Curb the Opioid Epidemic: A National Academies Report

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Highlights from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine report titled "Pain Management and the Opioid Epidemic: Balancing Societal and Individual Benefits and Risks of Prescription Opioid Use."

Buprenorphine Injections Effective on Opioid-Associated Euphoria and Withdrawal

Buprenorphine Injections Effective on Opioid-Associated Euphoria and Withdrawal

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Once-weekly subcutaneous buprenorphine injections block the euphoric effects of opioids and suppress opioid withdrawal in patients with opioid use disorder.

Opioid Prescriptions Remains High According to CDC

Opioid Prescriptions Remains High According to CDC

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According to the CDC, despite reductions in certain parts of the country, the amount of opioids being prescribed remains high compared with levels in 1999, with variations mostly seen at the county level.

Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome Effectively Treated With Buprenorphine

Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome Effectively Treated With Buprenorphine

In infants with neonatal abstinence syndrome, sublingual buprenorphine reduced the duration of treatment and decreased the length of hospital stay.

Opioid Prescription Patterns in Patients With Back Pain and Depression

Opioid Prescription Patterns in Patients With Back Pain and Depression

Patients with low back pain who are depressed are more likely to be prescribed opioids, and to be prescribed higher doses.

Strategies to Cut Opioid Overdoses, Deaths in Maryland

Strategies to Cut Opioid Overdoses, Deaths in Maryland

Strategies are being implemented to reduce opioid overdoses and deaths in Maryland.

A Fifth of Bariatric Surgery Patients Using Opioids 7 Years Later

A Fifth of Bariatric Surgery Patients Using Opioids 7 Years Later

About 20% of U.S. bariatric surgery patients are still using prescription opioids 7 years later.

Opioid Misuse After Cesarean Section

Opioid Misuse After Cesarean Section

Women are routinely prescribed more opioid medications than they need after cesarean sections, creating a high risk for misuse.

Long-Term Opioids Associated With Worse Functional Status, Adverse Events in Polyneuropathy

Long-Term Opioids Associated With Worse Functional Status, Adverse Events in Polyneuropathy

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Polyneuropathy may increase the likelihood of patients receiving long-term opioid therapy.

HCV Transmission Knowledge Among Opioid-Dependent Pregnant Patients

HCV Transmission Knowledge Among Opioid-Dependent Pregnant Patients

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Most opioid-dependent pregnant patients understand that intravenous drug use is a major transmission modality of hepatitis C virus.

Patients Comfortable With PAs and NPs Initiating Opioid Replacement Therapy

Patients Comfortable With PAs and NPs Initiating Opioid Replacement Therapy

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Patients with opioid addiction are comfortable with PAs and NPs initiating and maintaining their opiate replacement therapy.

Increased Rates of New Persistent Opioid Use After Minor and Major Surgery

Increased Rates of New Persistent Opioid Use After Minor and Major Surgery

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Elevated rates of new persistent opioid use were found in patients undergoing both minor and major surgical procedures.

Surgeon General Dr Vivek Murthy Dismissed

Surgeon General Dr Vivek Murthy Dismissed

U.S. Surgeon General Dr Vivek Murthy, MD, has been removed by the Trump White House and his position filled on a temporary basis.

Weight-Loss Drug May Help Curb Opiate Addiction

Weight-Loss Drug May Help Curb Opiate Addiction

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A prescription weight-loss drug reduced the urge to use opiates like oxycodone.

Initial Opioid Prescription May Affect Long-Term Use

Initial Opioid Prescription May Affect Long-Term Use

Doctors who limit the supply of opioids they prescribe to 3 days or less may help patients reduce their risk of dependence and addiction.

Opioid Use Disorder Treatment in Teens

Opioid Use Disorder Treatment in Teens

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Only a small percentage of adolescents undergoing treatment for severe opioid use disorders are receiving medication therapy to manage their condition.

Prescription Opioid Crisis: Public Health Response in Pennsylvania

Prescription Opioid Crisis: Public Health Response in Pennsylvania

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Pennsylvania has adopted a multipronged approach to address the opioid crisis.

Emergency Department-Initiated Buprenorphine/Naloxone Beneficial When Prolonged

Emergency Department-Initiated Buprenorphine/Naloxone Beneficial When Prolonged

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Buprenorphine/naloxone treatment initiated in the emergency department and prolonged for 10 weeks in primary care improved treatment engagement and reduced opioid use compared with referral or brief intervention.

Preventing and Managing Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome

Preventing and Managing Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome

The article reviews the epidemiology, clinical features, outcomes, prevention strategies, risk identification and management NAS.

Naltrexone vs Buprenorphine to Treat Opioid Dependence

Naltrexone vs Buprenorphine to Treat Opioid Dependence

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An 8-day detoxification process using low-dose oral naltrexone showed superior efficacy to the standard 15-day approach that uses an agonist taper leading to induction with extended-release naltrexone

Identifying Patients With Higher Methadone Dose Requirements

Identifying Patients With Higher Methadone Dose Requirements

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Polymorphism at the level of drug receptors, transporters, or other proteins involved in drug metabolism or action may have an impact on the effect of a drug.

Three Upcoming Pain Drugs

Three Upcoming Pain Drugs

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Pharmaceutical companies are working to develop non-opioid drugs for chronic and postoperative pain.

Expert Feedback on the Surgeon General's Report on Addiction

Expert Feedback on the Surgeon General's Report on Addiction

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If we invest in providing addiction treatment that is evidence-based and fundamentally invested in the dignity of every person who needs that treatment, a lot more people are going to find themselves ready to seek it out.

3 Noteworthy Initiatives To Address the Opioid Epidemic

3 Noteworthy Initiatives To Address the Opioid Epidemic

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The initiatives include guidelines and recommendations for CRNAs, physicians, and policymakers.

The Pros and Cons of 12-Step Groups to Treat Opioid Addiction

The Pros and Cons of 12-Step Groups to Treat Opioid Addiction

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"I believe that the best care is individualized care. And the most effective approach is sometimes whatever the patient will actually do," concluded Melanie Storrusten, LCSW.

FDA Holding App Development Contest To Increase Naloxone Accessibility

FDA Holding App Development Contest To Increase Naloxone Accessibility

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No application is currently available to connect carriers of naloxone with nearby opioid overdose victims.

Leveraging Genetics to Identify Risks of Opioid Addiction

Leveraging Genetics to Identify Risks of Opioid Addiction

Results indicate that more than 75% of individuals with a current opioid addiction diagnosis, as well as 28% of control participants, presented with an addiction risk score over 52.

Oxycodone/Naloxone Beneficial After Total Knee Replacement

Oxycodone/Naloxone Beneficial After Total Knee Replacement

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Compared with other opioids, oxycodone/naloxone may improve patients' ability to participate in physiotherapy.

Prescription Opioids and Veterans' Heroin Use

Prescription Opioids and Veterans' Heroin Use

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Non-medical use of prescription opioid medications is a significant risk factor for heroin use among United States veterans.

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