Opioid Addiction

Educational Disabilities More Likely With Neonatal Abstinence

Educational Disabilities More Likely With Neonatal Abstinence

Children with a history of neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) are more likely to be referred for a disability evaluation and meet criteria for a disability.

What Do Clinicians Do in Response to Aberrant Urine Drug Test Results?

What Do Clinicians Do in Response to Aberrant Urine Drug Test Results?

After an aberrant urine drug test result in patients on opioid therapy, the majority of clinicians were found to change opioid dosing or enact another strategy to reduce opioid-related risks.

Striking a Balance Between Opioid Surveillance and Patient Privacy

Striking a Balance Between Opioid Surveillance and Patient Privacy

By

Big data has enabled public health authorities to identify doctor-shopping patients and those who needed treatment for opioid abuse. The trade-off, however, could be patient and provider privacy.

Demographic Characteristics of Pregnant Women With Opioid Use Disorder

Demographic Characteristics of Pregnant Women With Opioid Use Disorder

By

A set of demographic, substance use, and treatment characteristics has been found to have a high prevalence in pregnant women with opioid use disorder.

Supervised Injection Sites: Facts, Information, Pros, and Cons

Supervised Injection Sites: Facts, Information, Pros, and Cons

By

Proponents of supervised injection sites argue they save lives. Critics say they discourage treatment. Where do you stand?

Medicaid Benefits for Addiction Treatment Expanded After ACA

Medicaid Benefits for Addiction Treatment Expanded After ACA

The Affordable Care Act may have prompted state Medicaid programs to expand addiction treatment benefits in alternative benefit plans.

Potentially Inappropriate Opioid Prescribing Tied to Overdose

Potentially Inappropriate Opioid Prescribing Tied to Overdose

Potentially inappropriate prescribing of opioids is associated with increased risk of all-cause mortality and fatal and nonfatal overdose.

Timely Receipt of Opioid Addiction Medication May Improve Youth Care Retention

Timely Receipt of Opioid Addiction Medication May Improve Youth Care Retention

By

In youths with opioid use disorder, treatment with buprenorphine, naltrexone, or methadone within 3 months of diagnosis was associated with greater care retention compared with behavioral therapy alone.

Naloxone Rarely Administered by Layperson in Opioid Deaths

Naloxone Rarely Administered by Layperson in Opioid Deaths

From July 2016 to June 2017, bystanders were documented in 44 percent of opioid overdose deaths, but naloxone was rarely administered by a layperson.

Popular Heroin Inhalation Method Tied to Leukoencephalopathy

Popular Heroin Inhalation Method Tied to Leukoencephalopathy

By

"Chasing the dragon" is an increasingly popular method of heroin inhalation among drug users.

The Opioid System: The Foundation for Social Risk and Reward

The Opioid System: The Foundation for Social Risk and Reward

By

The opioid system is responsible for social pain and reward in the brain; therefore, understanding its underpinnings may help clinicians manage patients with depression and suicidal ideation.

Opioid Therapy for Cancer Pain May Be Associated With High Risk for Aberrant Opioid Use

Opioid Therapy for Cancer Pain May Be Associated With High Risk for Aberrant Opioid Use

By

Patients taking opioids for cancer-related pain at outpatient supportive pain consultations may be at higher risk for aberrant opioid and drug use behavior.

Effects of Overdose Risk Reduction Initiatives for Patients Receiving Chronic Opioid Therapy

Effects of Overdose Risk Reduction Initiatives for Patients Receiving Chronic Opioid Therapy

By

Reducing opioid dose — but not risk stratification or monitoring initiatives — may be effective in reducing overdose rates in patients on chronic opioid therapy, although this observed reduction was not significant compared with the group receiving a control intervention.

Managing Comorbid Opioid and Alcohol Use Disorder

Managing Comorbid Opioid and Alcohol Use Disorder

By

When alcohol and opioid addiction occur together, managing them concomitantly becomes challenging. Whereas some patients may not need medication for alcohol addiction, opioid abuse does require pharmacotherapy.

Nondaily Cigarette Use Increasing Among Individuals With Mental Health, Substance Use Disorders

Nondaily Cigarette Use Increasing Among Individuals With Mental Health, Substance Use Disorders

By

Future public health interventions developed for cigarette use must accommodate individuals with mental health and substance use disorders.

Patient Education Urged to Prevent Opioid Overdose After Sobriety

Patient Education Urged to Prevent Opioid Overdose After Sobriety

The AMA encourages patient education to raise awareness of the risks associated with opioid use after a prolonged period of sobriety.

Opioid Use and Overdose Risk After Discharge From Surgery in the VA

Opioid Use and Overdose Risk After Discharge From Surgery in the VA

By

Surgical patients at the Veterans Health Administration were found to be 11 times more likely to overdose on opioids in the first 30 days postdischarge than during the remaining days of the year following surgery.

Pain, Depression, and Opioid Misuse May Be Associated With Drug Overdoses

Pain, Depression, and Opioid Misuse May Be Associated With Drug Overdoses

By

Pain conditions may largely be underrecognized contributors to the overdose epidemic.

CDC Guideline for Opioid Prescribing May Have Effectively Reduced Opioid Prescribing Practices

CDC Guideline for Opioid Prescribing May Have Effectively Reduced Opioid Prescribing Practices

By

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's "Guideline for Prescribing Opioids for Chronic Pain" may have contributed to a further reduction in several opioid prescribing practices.

FDA: Opioid Analgesic REMS Expanded to Include Immediate-Release Products

FDA: Opioid Analgesic REMS Expanded to Include Immediate-Release Products

By

As part of the REMS program, drug companies with approved opioid analgesics must make training available to prescribers and provide unrestricted grants to accredited continuing education providers for the development of education courses.

Risk Factors for Recurrent Suicide Attempts in Substance Use Disorder Outpatients

Risk Factors for Recurrent Suicide Attempts in Substance Use Disorder Outpatients

By

Researchers sought to identify risk factors for recurrent suicide attempts, controlling for gender and addictive substance exposure.

US Senate Passes Opioids Bill

US Senate Passes Opioids Bill

The Senate on Monday passed on a 99-1 vote legislation aimed at curbing the nation's ongoing opioid addiction crisis.

ED Plays Critical Role in Caring for Patients With Opioid Use Disorder

ED Plays Critical Role in Caring for Patients With Opioid Use Disorder

Emergency department providers need evidence-based strategies to identify and manage patients with opioid use disorder.

Does Robust Documentation Decrease Opioid Prescribing Rates?

Does Robust Documentation Decrease Opioid Prescribing Rates?

By

Accurate, transparent documentation is key in ensuring safe and appropriate opioid prescribing.

With New Persistent Opioid Use, Most Early Scripts From Surgeons

With New Persistent Opioid Use, Most Early Scripts From Surgeons

Among surgical patients who develop new persistent opioid use, surgeons provide the majority of opioid prescriptions in the first few months after surgery, but by nine to 12 months post-surgery, most prescriptions are from primary care providers.

Perioperative Pain Management in Patients With Opioid Use Disorder

Perioperative Pain Management in Patients With Opioid Use Disorder

By

The perioperative management of pain in patients with opioid use disorders presents multiple challenges to clinicians. A recent review offered clinical guidance for various subgroups of these individuals.

Doctors Often Not Discussing Risk Factors With Patients

Doctors Often Not Discussing Risk Factors With Patients

Patients report that doctors are routinely not discussing known risk factors for common causes of death.

Rates of Concurrent Opioid, Sedative-Hypnotic Prescription Fills in Veterans

Rates of Concurrent Opioid, Sedative-Hypnotic Prescription Fills in Veterans

By

A high percentage of post-9/11 veterans receiving Veterans Health Administration care were found to take concurrent prescription opioids and sedative hypnotics.

Oxycontin's Maker Now Selling Drug to Curb Opioid Addiction

Oxycontin's Maker Now Selling Drug to Curb Opioid Addiction

Purdue Pharma, the maker of Oxycontin who some have blamed for the epidemic of opioid painkiller addictions, has patented a medicine aimed at curbing those disorders.

Opioid Maker to Pay for Overdose Antidote Development

Opioid Maker to Pay for Overdose Antidote Development

A $3.4 million grant to help a non-profit company develop a less expensive opioid overdose antidote was announced by Purdue Pharma, which makes the opioid painkiller OxyContin.

Sign Up for Free e-Newsletters