Opioid Addiction

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Screeners to Predict Opioid Misuse in Patients With Chronic Pain

Screeners to Predict Opioid Misuse in Patients With Chronic Pain

Rates of opioid misuse and related overdoses have soared in recent years in the United States, highlighting the importance of screening tools to identify patients at high risk for adverse events from opioid use.

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Neonatal Withdrawal Risk Higher With Opioids Plus Psychotropic Drugs

Neonatal Withdrawal Risk Higher With Opioids Plus Psychotropic Drugs

The infants of women taking opioids concomitantly with psychotropic medications were found to have a substantially heightened risk of neonatal drug withdrawal.

Tramadol Effective on Opioid Withdrawal Symptoms

Tramadol Effective on Opioid Withdrawal Symptoms

The extended-release formulation of tramadol was shown to be as effective as buprenorphine and more effective than clonidine for treating symptoms of opioid withdrawal.

SAMHSA: Opioid Abuse Rates Up Among Older Adults

SAMHSA: Opioid Abuse Rates Up Among Older Adults

While opioid abuse among young adults had decreased, abuse rates in adults 50 years and older has doubled, from 1.1 to 2.0%.

CBT to Reduce Substance Abuse, PTSD in Transgender Women With HIV

CBT to Reduce Substance Abuse, PTSD in Transgender Women With HIV

A 12-week CBT program led to reductions in PTSD and substance abuse in transgender women with HIV.

CDC: Opioid Rx Rate Remains High, Inconsistent in the US

CDC: Opioid Rx Rate Remains High, Inconsistent in the US

The number of opioids prescribed in the US decreased between 2010 and 2015, but the overall rate remains high.

Strategies to Curb the Opioid Epidemic: A National Academies Report

Strategies to Curb the Opioid Epidemic: A National Academies Report

Highlights from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine report titled "Pain Management and the Opioid Epidemic: Balancing Societal and Individual Benefits and Risks of Prescription Opioid Use."

Opioid Prescriptions Remains High According to CDC

Opioid Prescriptions Remains High According to CDC

According to the CDC, despite reductions in certain parts of the country, the amount of opioids being prescribed remains high compared with levels in 1999, with variations mostly seen at the county level.

Buprenorphine Injections Effective on Opioid-Associated Euphoria and Withdrawal

Buprenorphine Injections Effective on Opioid-Associated Euphoria and Withdrawal

Once-weekly subcutaneous buprenorphine injections block the euphoric effects of opioids and suppress opioid withdrawal in patients with opioid use disorder.

Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome Effectively Treated With Buprenorphine

Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome Effectively Treated With Buprenorphine

In infants with neonatal abstinence syndrome, sublingual buprenorphine reduced the duration of treatment and decreased the length of hospital stay.

Majority of Opioid Rx for Patients With Mental Disorders

Majority of Opioid Rx for Patients With Mental Disorders

More than half of all opioids prescribed in the United States are for patients who have a mental health disorder.

Opioid Prescription Patterns in Patients With Back Pain and Depression

Opioid Prescription Patterns in Patients With Back Pain and Depression

Patients with low back pain who are depressed are more likely to be prescribed opioids, and to be prescribed higher doses.

Strategies to Cut Opioid Overdoses, Deaths in Maryland

Strategies to Cut Opioid Overdoses, Deaths in Maryland

Strategies are being implemented to reduce opioid overdoses and deaths in Maryland.

Buprenorphine and Naltrexone Underprescribed for Youth With Opioid Use Disorder

Buprenorphine and Naltrexone Underprescribed for Youth With Opioid Use Disorder

Early pharmacologic intervention for opioid use disorder after diagnosis is crucial to prevent relapse and overdose in adolescents and young adults.

A Fifth of Bariatric Surgery Patients Using Opioids 7 Years Later

A Fifth of Bariatric Surgery Patients Using Opioids 7 Years Later

About 20% of U.S. bariatric surgery patients are still using prescription opioids 7 years later.

Discrepancies in Subjective vs Objective Sleep in Patients Receiving Buprenorphine for Opioid Use Disorder

Discrepancies in Subjective vs Objective Sleep in Patients Receiving Buprenorphine for Opioid Use Disorder

Patients receiving buprenorphine maintenance therapy for their opioid use disorder may have impaired sleep, despite their reports of improved quality and duration of sleep.

Opioid Misuse After Cesarean Section

Opioid Misuse After Cesarean Section

Women are routinely prescribed more opioid medications than they need after cesarean sections, creating a high risk for misuse.

FDA to Remove Pain Drug from the Market

FDA to Remove Pain Drug from the Market

The FDA has requested the removal of reformulated Opana ER (oxymorphone HCl; Endo) from the market.

Long-Term Opioids Associated With Worse Functional Status, Adverse Events in Polyneuropathy

Long-Term Opioids Associated With Worse Functional Status, Adverse Events in Polyneuropathy

Polyneuropathy may increase the likelihood of patients receiving long-term opioid therapy.

HCV Transmission Knowledge Among Opioid-Dependent Pregnant Patients

HCV Transmission Knowledge Among Opioid-Dependent Pregnant Patients

Most opioid-dependent pregnant patients understand that intravenous drug use is a major transmission modality of hepatitis C virus.

Need for More Focus on Opioid Prescribing Practices in PA Programs

Need for More Focus on Opioid Prescribing Practices in PA Programs

The majority of PA students and practicing PAs did not feel that their PA program adequately trained them to screen for opioid abuse.