Conditioning

Placebos Extending Painkiller Doses

Placebos Extending Painkiller Doses

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"Dose-extending placebo use is based on learning principles and schedules of reinforcement, so that conditioned stimuli acquire properties and characteristics of unconditioned stimuli," Dr Colloca told Clinical Pain Advisor.

Fear-Avoidance Conditioning: Maintaining the Chronic Pain Cycle?

Fear-Avoidance Conditioning: Maintaining the Chronic Pain Cycle?

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According to this model, prioritizing alternate life goals through optimism and positive affect over pain-associated behaviors perpetuated by negative affect provides the means to break the pain cycle.

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