Lack of Evidence Supporting Long-Term Efficacy of Opioids

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A study recently concluded there is insufficient evidence supporting the long-term use of opioids to improve chronic pain symptoms
A study recently concluded there is insufficient evidence supporting the long-term use of opioids to improve chronic pain symptoms

HealthDay News — There is no evidence supporting the long-term effectiveness of opioid use for chronic pain. Higher doses may increase risk of serious harm, according to a review published in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

Roger Chou, MD, from the Oregon Health & Sciences University in Portland, and colleagues conducted a systematic review to examine the effectiveness and harms of long-term opioid therapy for chronic pain in adults. Data were included from randomized trials and observational studies that involved adults with chronic pain.

The researchers found that no studies of opioid versus no opioid therapy assessed long-term pain, function, quality of life, opioid abuse, or addiction outcomes. Increased risk of overdose, opioid abuse, fractures, myocardial infarction, and markers of sexual dysfunction were seen in association with opioid therapy in good- and fair-quality observational studies; few studies were seen for each of these outcomes. Higher doses correlated with increased risk for some harms. Limited evidence was available on the effectiveness and harms of different opioid dosing and risk mitigation strategies.

"Evidence is insufficient to determine the effectiveness of long-term opioid therapy for improving chronic pain and function," the authors write. "Evidence supports a dose-dependent risk for serious harms."

Several authors disclosed financial ties to the pharmaceutical and medical technology industries.

Reference

  1. Chou R et al. Ann Intern Med. 2015; doi:10.7326/M14-2559.
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