Generic Name and Formulations:
Aztreonam 1g, 2g; for IM or IV inj after reconstitution; sodium-free.
Indications for AZACTAM:
Susceptible bacterial infections, including septicemia, lower respiratory tract, complicated or uncomplicated urinary tract, skin and skin structure, gynecologic, intraabdominal. Surgical adjunct.
UTI: 500mg–1g every 8–12hrs. Other systemic infections: moderately severe: 1–2g every 8–12hrs; severe: 2g every 6–8hrs. All: max 8g/day. Max 1g/dose by IM. Renal impairment (CrCl 10–30mL/min): ½ of dose after loading dose; CrCl <10mL/min: see full labeling.
<9mos: not established. Not for septicemia or certain skin and skin structure infections; see full labeling. 9mos–16yrs (normal renal function only): urinary tract, lower respiratory tract, intraabdominal, gynecologic infections: mild-to-moderate: 30mg/kg IV every 8hrs; moderate-to-severe: 30mg/kg IV every 6–8hrs; max 120mg/kg/day. May need higher dose in patients with cystic fibrosis.
Penicillin, cephalosporin, carbapenem, or other allergy. Renal or hepatic impairment; monitor during therapy. Elderly. Pregnancy (Cat.B). Nursing mothers; consider temporary formula feedings.
May potentiate nephrotoxicity of concomitant aminoglycosides (esp. at high doses or prolonged use); monitor renal function. Avoid concomitant β-lactamase-inducing drugs (eg, cefoxitin, imipenem).
Local reactions (eg, phlebitis, discomfort), GI upset, rash, anaphylaxis, blood dyscrasias, elevated liver enzymes or serum creatinine; C. difficile-associated diarrhea, superinfection; rare: toxic epidermal necrolysis.
Single-dose vials (15mL)—10; GALAXY containers (50mL)—24
Clinical Pain Advisor Articles
- History of Migraine May Be Associated With Higher Risk for Cochlear Disorders
- Radiofrequency Denervation Efficacious in Treating Thoracic Zygapophyseal Joint Pain
- Symptom Severity, Sensory Sensitivity May Indicate Pain Centralization in Chronic Overlapping Pain Conditions
- Prescribed Opioids Difficulties Scale Effective for Assessing Concerns of Patients With Chronic Pain
- Predictors of Opioid Overdose in High-Risk Users
- Consensus Guidelines for the Use of Intravenous Ketamine for Chronic Pain
- Pain Societies Issue Guidelines on Use of Ketamine for the Management of Acute Pain
- Labor Epidural Analgesia Linked to Reduced Likelihood of Successful Breastfeeding
- Novel Oral Treatment Safe, Effective for Migraine Headache Relief
- DFN-02 Nasal Spray Safe, Effective for Acute Treatment of Episodic Migraine
- Higher PainDETECT Scores, Neuropathic Pain Preoperatively May Increase Risk for Chronic Pain Post-TKR
- Terms Used for Addiction May Be Associated With Explicit, Implicit Bias
- Erenumab Reduces Monthly Migraine Days in Patients With Treatment-Resistant Migraine
- Government and Industry Lead the Way in Funding USPSTF Systematic Reviews
- Communication-Based Intervention Increases Goals-of-Care Discussions Between Physicians, Patients With Serious Illness