Avoidance

PTSD Impact on Axial Pain Following Motor Vehicle Collisions

PTSD Impact on Axial Pain Following Motor Vehicle Collisions

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Post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms following motor vehicle collisions contribute substantially to ongoing axial pain throughout the year following the accident.

Fear-Avoidance Conditioning: Maintaining the Chronic Pain Cycle?

Fear-Avoidance Conditioning: Maintaining the Chronic Pain Cycle?

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According to this model, prioritizing alternate life goals through optimism and positive affect over pain-associated behaviors perpetuated by negative affect provides the means to break the pain cycle.

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